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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF WASHING FOOD VEGETABLE RAW MATERIALS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-5
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Gladushnyak Oleksandr PhD, Professor, Department of Processes, equipment and energy management, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies (Odessa, 112 Kanatnaya St., Ukraine  +38 (098) 000-94-29).

Vsevolodov OleksandrPhD, Associate Professor, Department of Processes, equipment and energy management, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies (Odessa, 112 Kanatnaya St., Ukraine +38 (096) 211-34-52, email: vsevolod1956@gmail.com ).

Annotation

The article is devoted to the issues of rational consumption of clean water for carrying out the technological process of washing vegetable raw materials, as well as finding out the reasons for the high energy costs of the technological process of washing. The requirements of state standards that are presented to raw materials supplied to canning enterprises for the processing and production of canned foods are described. The amount of soil contamination and the number of microorganisms that are allowed by the relevant standards on the surface of root crops are indicated. It also indicates the inadmissibility of using water that does not meet the requirements of the standards. The modern equipment of the world leading manufacturers of equipment for washing plant materials and some domestic manufacturers is considered. The main directions of using clean water for the technological process of washing vegetable raw materials are considered. The amount of clean running water used for washing is indicated, which on average exceeds 1.5 ... 2 times that accepted in industry. The characteristics of some modern washing machines are given, the reasons for the increased clean water consumption, as well as the drive power of the washing machines, are described. The average value of specific electricity consumption per 1 kg of washed raw material is given. To solve the issues of rational consumption of clean running water, as well as reducing power to drive washers, a technological process that uses a two-stage washer with a section of "dry washing" of vegetable raw materials is proposed. By coordinating the washing regimes in the two-stage method, it is possible to significantly reduce both the flow rate of clean running water and the energy consumption for the washing process of raw materials. The article shows a diagram of a universal two-stage washer for washing plant materials, in particular root crops.

The proposed method and design of the machine that implements this method are protected by the patent of Ukraine No. 107488 for the invention.

Keywords: consumption, washing, root crop, power, stage, “dry washing”, drive, unit costs, polisher.

List of references

[1]         Kazantseva, N. S. (2007). Tovarovedenie prodovolstvennyih tovarov [Commodity research of food products]. M.: Dashkov and K0. [in Russian]

[2]         Timofeeva, V.A. (2005). Tovarovedenie prodovolstvennyih tovarov [Commodity research of food products]. Rostov n/a: Phoenix. [in Russian]

[3]         Tserevetinov, F. V. (1949). Himiya i tovarovedenie svezhih plodov i ovoscheyTovarovedenie prodovolstvennyih tovarov [Chemistry and commodity science of fresh fruits and vegetables]. M .: Gostorgizdat [in Russian]

[4]         Gladushnyak, O. K. (2015). Tekhnologichne obladnannya konservnyh zavodiv [Technological equipment of canneries]. Kherson: Grin D.S. [in Ukrainian].

[5]         ALLROUND Vegetable Processing URL: https://www.google.com/search?q=%D0%93%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F+%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0+%D0%9E%D0%BB%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%B4&client=firefox-b-d&sxsrf=ALeKk00YjzIf3ZxhL8GBQHxZ6-59-O_mSQ:1585421203525&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=MyPgkyU_8qwFIM%253A%252CzF7JWqETEce00M%252C_&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kSBo9ApiTOqd8PHBNlP4rIyLWpHdQ&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiVqZqd6r3oAhWwk4sKHRBCAOsQ9QEwAHoECAkQBQ#imgrc=MyPgkyU_8qwFIM

[6]         «Skals» model VTH URL: https://skals.dk/products/%D0%B1%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F-%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F-%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0/?lang=ru

[7]         Machine for mitty root-bearing VK-BMK URL: https://kemz.com.ua/sostoyalas_uspeshnaya_priemka_novoj_rabotyi_ot_oao_kemz_kompleksa_dlya_mojki_molodogo_kartofelya_vk-kmk.01.html

[8]         Kronen GmbH URL: http://www.oborud.info/product/jump.php?5707&c=1264

[9]         Vsevolodov O.M., Gladushnyak O.K. (2015) Ukrainian patent No. UA 107488 С2. Kyiv, Ukraine: State Intellectual Property Service of Ukraine.

[10]      Vsevolodov, A.N. (2013) Obosnovanie rezhimov moyki pischevogo rastitelnogo syirya [Substantiation of washing modes of edible vegetable raw materials] (Candidate’s thesis). Odessa [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).