ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF WASHING FOOD VEGETABLE RAW MATERIALS
Gladushnyak Oleksandr – PhD, Professor, Department of Processes, equipment and energy management, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies (Odessa, 112 Kanatnaya St., Ukraine +38 (098) 000-94-29).
Vsevolodov Oleksandr – PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Processes, equipment and energy management, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies (Odessa, 112 Kanatnaya St., Ukraine +38 (096) 211-34-52, email: email@example.com ).
The article is devoted to the issues of rational consumption of clean water for carrying out the technological process of washing vegetable raw materials, as well as finding out the reasons for the high energy costs of the technological process of washing. The requirements of state standards that are presented to raw materials supplied to canning enterprises for the processing and production of canned foods are described. The amount of soil contamination and the number of microorganisms that are allowed by the relevant standards on the surface of root crops are indicated. It also indicates the inadmissibility of using water that does not meet the requirements of the standards. The modern equipment of the world leading manufacturers of equipment for washing plant materials and some domestic manufacturers is considered. The main directions of using clean water for the technological process of washing vegetable raw materials are considered. The amount of clean running water used for washing is indicated, which on average exceeds 1.5 ... 2 times that accepted in industry. The characteristics of some modern washing machines are given, the reasons for the increased clean water consumption, as well as the drive power of the washing machines, are described. The average value of specific electricity consumption per 1 kg of washed raw material is given. To solve the issues of rational consumption of clean running water, as well as reducing power to drive washers, a technological process that uses a two-stage washer with a section of "dry washing" of vegetable raw materials is proposed. By coordinating the washing regimes in the two-stage method, it is possible to significantly reduce both the flow rate of clean running water and the energy consumption for the washing process of raw materials. The article shows a diagram of a universal two-stage washer for washing plant materials, in particular root crops.
The proposed method and design of the machine that implements this method are protected by the patent of Ukraine No. 107488 for the invention.
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 ALLROUND Vegetable Processing URL: https://www.google.com/search?q=%D0%93%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F+%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0+%D0%9E%D0%BB%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%B4&client=firefox-b-d&sxsrf=ALeKk00YjzIf3ZxhL8GBQHxZ6-59-O_mSQ:1585421203525&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=MyPgkyU_8qwFIM%253A%252CzF7JWqETEce00M%252C_&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kSBo9ApiTOqd8PHBNlP4rIyLWpHdQ&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiVqZqd6r3oAhWwk4sKHRBCAOsQ9QEwAHoECAkQBQ#imgrc=MyPgkyU_8qwFIM
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131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
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Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Type of publication: journal
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Year of foundation: 1997
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Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
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It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).