ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT PROCESSES OF EXPANDED FEED PREPARATION
Elchyn Aliiev – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Professor of the Departments of Mechanization of Production Processes in Animal Husbandry of Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University (St. S. Efremova, 25, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49000, e-mail: email@example.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4006-8803).
Nikolai Linko – Ph.D. student of Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University (St. S. Efremova, 25, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49000, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1353-4832).
Extruders and expanders belong to the family of HTST (high temperature short-term) equipment capable of performing the task of cooking food and feed under high pressure. Because the effects of high temperatures occur only for a short time, the undesirable effects of denaturation of proteins, amino acids, vitamins, starch and enzymes are limited. Physical and technological aspects such as heat transfer, mass transfer, pulse transfer, temperature time have a strong influence on the properties of food and feed during extrusion and expanded cooking and can significantly affect the quality of the final product. The aim of the research is to analyze the technical and technological equipment of extrusion and expanded feed preparation processes and substantiate the feasibility of using expanders. The use of expanders in the feed pellet processing line has many advantages, the most important of which are: improved feed nutrition (better feed conversion); more efficient use of low-quality raw materials or even waste; sterilization of bacteriologically contaminated materials; better control of liquid additives; reduction of energy consumption of pellet press; increasing the productivity of the pellet press; expanding the product range; the possibility of using fibrous materials; reduction of dust emissions and losses during granulation. The economic and food aspects of the use of expanders make their use understandable and justified in the feed industry. The use of an expander-granulator kit increases the cost of production by 10-15 % compared to granulation alone. However, the overall income and expenditure account is positive due to the qualitative results that offset the costs incurred. The use of expanders in the global feed industry is growing every year, which is also reflected in the wider range of recently produced animal feed. The benefits of this technique are beginning to be appreciated in underdeveloped countries. Its usefulness is fully confirmed by feed manufacturers who have already implemented the above production methods.
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131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
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Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
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The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
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It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).