logo

Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4(111)

Published: 2020.12.18
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-4


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

Read about journal

ANALYSIS OF THE STATE OF POST-HARVEST PROCESSING OF PUMPKIN SEEDS IN UKRAINE

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-4-17
PDF Повернутись

Tsurkan Oleh – D.Eng.Sc., associate professor of the Department of «Technological processes and equipment of processing and food industries» of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, director of Separate structural unit «Ladyzhyn Professional College of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University» (5, P. Kravchyka St., Ladyzhyn, Vinnytsia region, 24321, Ukraine, e-mail: tsurkan_ov76@ukr.net)
Prysiazhniuk Dmytro – Ph.D., teacher of Separate structural unit «Ladyzhyn Professional College of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University» (5, P. Kravchyka St., Ladyzhyn, Vinnytsia region, 24321, Ukraine, e-mail: dima061992@yahoo.com).
Didyk Ivan – teacher of Separate structural unit «Ladyzhyn Professional College of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University» (5, P. Kravchyka St., Ladyzhyn, Vinnytsia region, 24321, Ukraine, e-mail: ivan.didyk1670@gmail.com).

Annotation

One of the important stages of growing seeds of agricultural crops is its post-harvest processing, which includes the drying process, is the main and one of the most effective methods for storing and processing agricultural raw materials. The use of vibration drying equipment is especially effective in high-tech processes taking place in the seed industry, where product moisture is the most important condition for the implementation of technology.
The object of research in this article was the technological process of post-harvest processing of high-moisture pumpkin seeds, in particular drying.
The purpose of the work was to analyze the current state of post-harvest processing of high-moisture pumpkin seeds and to establish promising methods and means for intensifying this process with a simultaneous increase in the quality of the final raw material obtained.
The task of the work was: to review research and publications on the state of post-harvest processing of pumpkin seeds in Ukraine, to establish the features of its post-harvest dues, in particular drying, to get acquainted with the technical means and technologies for performing the technological process of drying pumpkin seeds, to establish the main disadvantages of the existing drying equipment, to determine and to propose new promising technologies and technical solutions for intensifying the drying process of pumpkin seeds with a simultaneous increase in the quality of the final raw material with minimal energy consumption and translate them into a developed model of a vibration dryer, which sequentially implements filtration and convection stages of drying.
The research methodology was based on a review analysis of existing studies and publications on the state of post-harvest treatment of pumpkin seeds in Ukraine and the search for ways to intensify this process with a simultaneous increase in the quality of the final raw material obtained.
In scientific work, based on the results of the study, it was found that the existing grain drying equipment does not meet the requirements for drying high-moisture pumpkin seeds, therefore there is a need for the development, research and implementation of energy-efficient schemes and structures. The existing samples of domestic equipment for post-harvest processing of high-moisture pumpkin seeds are morally and physically obsolete, do not provide flexibility in the execution of the technological process, are energy- and metal-intensive and cannot be used in processing lots of seed material.
The proposed design of a vibrating dryer, which sequentially implements filtration and convection stages of drying pumpkin seeds. The developed installation provides an intensification of this process with minimal energy consumption while increasing the quality of the final raw material obtained.

Keywords: vegetables and melons, pumpkins, high-moisture seeds, post-harvest processing, drying, dryers, vibration technologies, filtration and convection drying, quality, productivity, energy consumption

List of references

[1]    Rebinder, P.A. (1958). Fiziko-himicheskaya mehanika novaya oblast nauki. Moskva. 63 s. [in Russian].
[2]    Golubkovich, A.V., Chizhikov, A.G. (1991). Sushka vyisokovlazhnyih semyan i zerna. Moskva. 235 s. [in Russian].
[3]    Pavlovskiy, G.T., Ptitsyin, S.D. (1972). Ochistka, sushka i aktivnoe ventilirovanie zerna. Moskva.
256 s. [in Russian].
[4]    Lyikov, A.V. (1971). Teplomassoobmen. Moskva. 560 s. [in Russian].
[5]    Ginzburg, A.S. (1960). Sushka pischevyih produktov. Moskva. 684 s. [in Russian].
[6]    Filonenko, G.K., Grishin, M.A., Goldenberg, Ya.M. (1971). Sushka pischevyih rastitelnyih materialov. Moskva. 435 s. [in Russian].
[7]    Lewis, W.K. (1921). The Rate of Drying of Solid Materials. The Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Vol. 13. № 5. pp. 427-432. [in English].
[8]    Sherwood, T.K. (1937). Adsorption and extraction. New York. 278 p. [in English].
[9]    Lebedev, P.D. (1963). Raschet i proektirovanie sushilnyih ustanovok. Moskva. 320 s. [in Russian].
[10]    Kotov, B.I., Stepanenko, S.P., Kalinichenko, R.A. (2017). Kontseptualni osnovy stvorennia tekhnichnykh zasobiv pervynnoi obrobky zerna v umovakh hospodarstv APK. Konstruiuvannia, vyrobnytstvo ta ekspluatatsiia silskohospodarskykh mashyn. Vyp. 47. Ch. 1. S. 104-114. [in Ukrainian].
[11]    Chlenov, V.A., Mihaylov, N.V. (1972). Vibrokipyaschiy sloy. Moskva. 340 s. [in Russian].
[12]    Shapovalenko, O.I., Yaniuk, T.I. (2000). Mikrokhvylova obrobka pshenychnykh zarodkiv i sushinnia infrachervonym vyprominiuvanniam. Zerno i khlib. № 4. S. 20-21. [in Ukrainian].
[13]    Baum, A.E., Rezchikov, V.A. (1983). Sushka zerna. Moskva. 223 s. [in Russian].
[14]    Dolinskiy, A.A., Maletskaya, K.D. (2015). Raspyilitelnaya sushka. T. 2. Teplotehnologii i oborudovanie dlya polucheniya poroshkovyih materialov. Kiev. 390 s. [in Ukrainian].
[15]    Zhidko, V.I., Rezchikov, V.A., Ukolov, V.S. (1982). Zernosushenie i zernosushilki. Moskva. 1982.
239 s. [in Russian].
[16]    Didukh, V.F. (2003). Naukovo-tekhnolohichni osnovy mekhanizovanoho sushinnia neodnoridnykh roslynnykh materialiv: dys. ... d-ra tekhn. nauk: 05.05.11. Lutsk. [in Ukrainian].
[17]    Maksimov, G.A. (1956). Issledovanie protsessov teplo- i massoobmena pri vnutrennem istochnike: avtoref. dis. … d-ra tehn. nauk. Moskva. 35 s. [in Russian].
[18]    Chursinov, Yu.A. (2006). Porivnialnyi ohliad tekhnichnykh zasobiv sushinnia zerna. Propozytsiia.
№ 1. S. 122-124. [in Ukrainian].
[19]    Stankevych, H.M., Strakhova, T.V., Budiuk, L.F. (2014). Doslidzhennia propusknoi zdatnosti zernosusharok pry riznykh sposobakh ta rezhymakh sushinnia zerna kukurudzy. Naukovi pratsi ONAKhT. Vyp. 46 (1). S. 106-110. [in Russian].
[20]    Aniskin, V.I., Ryibaruk, V.A. (1968). Opredelenie udelnoy poverhnosti zerna metodom pronitsaemosti sloya. Mehanizatsiya i elektrifikatsiya sotsialisticheskogo selskogo hozyaystva. № 8. S. 20-24. [in Russian].
[21]    Grishin, M.A., Atanazevich, V.I., Semenov, Yu.G. (1989). Ustanovki dlya sushki pischevyih produktov: Spravochnik. Moskva. 215 s. [in Russian].
[22]    Atamaniuk, V.M. (1995). Hidrodynamika ta masoobmin v protsesi filtratsiinoho sushinnia khimichnoho volokna: dys. ... kand. tekhn. nauk: 05.17.08. Lviv. [in Ukrainian].
[23]    Sniezhkin, Yu.F., Chalaiev, D.M., Shavryn, V.S. (2009). Teplovi nasosy v systemakh teplokholodopostachannia. Kyiv. 104 s. [in Ukrainian].
[24]    Rudobashta, S.P. (1980). Massoperenos v sistemah s tverdoy fazoy. Moskva. 248 s. [in Russian].
[25]    Rynok zerna vrozhaiu 2018 roku. Sumy, 2018. URL: http://www.propozitsiya.com/ua/rynok-zerna-vrozhayu-2016-roku (data zvernennia: 15.10.2020).
[26]    Vrozhai zernovykh-2018: vstanovleno istorychnyi rekord. Kyiv, 2018. URL: http://www.landlord.ua/news/vrozhay-zernovih-2018-vstanovleno-istorichniy-rekord/ (data zvernennia: 25.10.2020).
[27]    Harbuz znovu v modi. Kyiv, 2019. URL: http://agro-business.com.ua/agro/podiia/item/11521-harbuz-znovu-v-modi.html (data zvernennia: 27.10.2020).
[28]    Hroshi iz harbuza: investytsii v vyrobnytstva harbuzovoho nasinnia okupliatsia za 4-5 misiatsiv. Dnipro, 2017. URL: http://chp.com.ua/ua/all-news/item/53226-groshi-iz-garbuza-investitsiji-v-virobnitstva-garbuzovogo-nasin-nya-okuplyatsya-za-4-5-misyatsiv (data zvernennia: 27.10.2020).
[29]    Anisimov, I.F. (1987). Mashinyi i potochnyie linii dlya proizvodstva semyan ovoschevodcheskih kultur. Kishinev. 300 s. [in Russian].

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).