CULTIVATOR DEVELOPMENT FOR NEW SOIL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES
Leonid Sereda – PhD, Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and technical service, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sunny St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Ludmila Shvets – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of “Agroengineering and technical service” of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sunny St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: email@example.com).
Oleksandr Shvets – student, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Sunny str., 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Most scientists in the field of agronomy, especially abroad, with the emergence of the latest technologies No-till and Strip-till, called them revolutionary in crop production, yes, along with economic indicators, these technologies retain the fertile potential of the soil. This is achieved through less soil damage due to the minimum number of technological operations, as well as the obligatory cover of the field with plant residues after harvesting. American scientists have shown that with the correct application of these technologies, the main indicator of soil quality - humus does not decrease, but on the contrary - increases. This article analyzes the work of Strip-till units in Ukraine and proposes a KFG-3,6 soil tillage unit developed by scientists from the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Services.
The main means that can prevent the loss of fertility of the earth is the introduction of energy saving and fertile technologies. The factors of soil injury and maximum cover of soil with plant residues were laid. The most well-known technologies are the technologies, quite widespread in the USA and Canada, where more than 50% of the land is cultivated, and also in Argentina where they make more than 50%. In Europe, countries such as Germany, France and the UK will cultivate about 10% of land, and in Ukraine will cultivate consist - only 5%.
Strip-till technology came to Europe from the United States, where its No-till technology predecessor. At present, almost half of the largest corn crop in the United States is owned by Strip-till.
No-till and Strip-till technologies are widely used in crop production. The main argument is to maintain fertility through compulsory soil cover. The Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of the Vinnytsia NAU has for many years taught a course of lectures for masters on low-cost and environmentally promising technologies in crop production. Manufacturers of Kalina-Agromash agricultural machinery in Vinnytsia region are interested in developing a modernized KFG-3,6 cultivator for Strip-till technology, which is partially covered in this article.
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131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)
Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).