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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(110)

Published: 2020.10.30
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3


Description:
Тематика журналу: 131 - Прикладна механіка, 132 - Матеріалознавство, 133 - Галузеве машинобудування, 141 - Електроенергетика, електротехніка та електромеханіка, 208 - Агроінженерія.

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CULTIVATOR DEVELOPMENT FOR NEW SOIL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3-12
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Leonid Sereda – PhD, Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and technical service, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sunny St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: leonidsereda@vsau.vin.ua).
Ludmila Shvets – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of “Agroengineering and technical service” of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sunny St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: shlv0505@i.ua).
Oleksandr Shvets – student, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Sunny str., 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail:  shlv0505@i.ua).

Annotation

Most scientists in the field of agronomy, especially abroad, with the emergence of the latest technologies No-till and Strip-till, called them revolutionary in crop production, yes, along with economic indicators, these technologies retain the fertile potential of the soil.  This is achieved through less soil damage due to the minimum number of technological operations, as well as the obligatory cover of the field with plant residues after harvesting.  American scientists have shown that with the correct application of these technologies, the main indicator of soil quality - humus does not decrease, but on the contrary - increases.  This article analyzes the work of Strip-till units in Ukraine and proposes a KFG-3,6 soil tillage unit developed by scientists from the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Services.
The main means that can prevent the loss of fertility of the earth is the introduction of energy saving and fertile technologies.  The factors of soil injury and maximum cover of soil with plant residues were laid.  The most well-known technologies are the technologies, quite widespread in the USA and Canada, where more than 50% of the land is cultivated, and also in Argentina where they make more than 50%.  In Europe, countries such as Germany, France and the UK will cultivate about 10% of land, and in Ukraine will cultivate consist - only 5%.
Strip-till technology came to Europe from the United States, where its No-till technology predecessor.  At present, almost half of the largest corn crop in the United States is owned by Strip-till.
No-till and Strip-till technologies are widely used in crop production. The main argument is to maintain fertility through compulsory soil cover. The Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of the Vinnytsia NAU has for many years taught a course of lectures for masters on low-cost and environmentally promising technologies in crop production. Manufacturers of Kalina-Agromash agricultural machinery in Vinnytsia region are interested in developing a modernized KFG-3,6 cultivator for Strip-till technology, which is partially covered in this article.

Keywords: Strip-till technologies, milling cultivator, hydraulic drive.

List of references

[1]    Salo, V. M., Leshchenko, S. M., Luzan, P. G., Machok, Y. V., Bogatyrev, D. V. (2016). Machines for tillage and fertilizing. Tutorial for students of agricultural specialties. X. : Machulin. [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Shvets, L. V., Paladiychuk, Y. B., Trukhanskaya, O. O. (2019). Technical service in agrarian and industrial complex. Volume I. Tutorial. Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Siwowski, Tomasz I, Zyltowski, Piotr I. (2012). Strengthening bridges with prestressed CFRP strips. Selekted Scientifik Papers: journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 7 Issue 1, P. 79–86. [in English].
[4]    Wendel, C. H. (2013). 150 Years of JI Case. Krause Publications. [in English].
[5]    Wade, T., Claassen, R.,  Wallander, S. (2015).  Conservation-Practice Adoption Rates Vary Widely by Crop and Region EIB-147, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. [in English].
[6]    URL : https://aggeek.net/ru-blog/chto-takoe-strip-till-plyusy-i-minusy-schadyaschej-obrabotki-pochvy (data zvernennia 01.09.2020)
[7]    Mursch, B. (2007). Untersuchungen an einer Bodefaraze. «Landtechnische Forchung», bd. 7,  H. 4. S. 93–98. [in English].
[8]    Sohne W, Thiel R. (2007). Technische Probleme bei Bondenfrasen. «Grundlagen der Landtechnik», H. 9, 112-136p. [in English].
[9]    Chatkin N. (2008). Kinematics and dynamics of rotary soil working bodies. Kiev: Harvest, 316s. [in Ukrainian].
[10]    Sereda, L. P, Trukhanska, O. O, Shvets, L. V. (2019). Development and research of a soil-tillage machine for strip-till technology with active milling working bodies. All-Ukrainian Journal of Vibration in Engineering and Technology Vinnitsa, VNAU, Issue 4 (95). 79–86. [in Ukrainian].
[11]    Pogorilets, O., Volyanskiy, M., Voytyuk, V., Pastushenko, S., (2004). Hydraulic drive for agricultural machinery: Educational edition. K .: Higher education. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).