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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(114)

Published: 2021.09.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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DEVELOPMENT AND JUSTIFICATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF ASSEMBLIES OF PYROLYSIS INSTALLATION FOR UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL WASTE

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3-7
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Rostyslav Iskovich-Lototskyy – Doctor of Science (Engineering), Professor, Department of "Branch Mechanical Engineering" of Vinnitsa National Technical University (95, Khmelnytsky Shose Str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21021,e-mail: islord@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3920-3019).
Nataliia Veselovska – Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Head of the Department of Machines and Equipment of Agricultural Production of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Soniachna St., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: wnatalia@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-6721).
Oleksii Tokarchuk – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of technological processes and equipment for processing of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sonyachna st., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: tokarchyk08@net.ukr, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8036-1743 ).
Oleksandr Skliaruk – Postgraduate Student of the Department of “Machines and Equipment for Agricultural Production” of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnyschaya St., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008).

Annotation

When developing a pyrolysis plant for the disposal of medical waste, the evaluation criteria were ergonomics, operational reliability, simplicity and manufacturability of its manufacture, as well as maintainability. In certain operating conditions, given the high degree of epidemiological danger, ensuring the minimum degree of operator contact with the most medical waste is an urgent task. Therefore, the most effective solution in the development of a simple and operationally reliable pyrolysis plant for waste disposal, provided the use of a special robotic loading device and a furnace design for incinerating medical waste.
The application of the above developments made it possible to efficiently for the environment, in an automated mode, dispose of medical waste with a minimum degree of operator contact with the most medical waste, as well as with minimal economic and technological disposal costs. The creation of a simpler, highly reliable and safe pyrolysis plant for the disposal of medical waste with a low cost of their manufacture, increased maintainability and a high environmental safety degree necessitates special design and theoretical calculations.
Plants for the disposal of medical waste are distinguished by a special nature of work, which is the excessive creation of high temperatures, for the complete neutralization (oxidation) of hazardous chemical compounds contained in medical waste. Therefore, when developing the pyrolysis plant itself for the disposal of medical waste, one should take into account the temperature difference at the inlet and outlet of the furnace itself for incinerating medical waste. In the process of developing and justifying the design of the units of the new installation for the disposal of medical waste, the following tasks were solved: - development of a schematic diagram of the units of the facility for the disposal of medical waste, reflects the relationship between the operating and operational parameters of the facility itself; - design calculations for the units of the facility for the disposal of medical waste; - theoretical studies of the influence of the operating and operational parameters of the installation for the disposal of medical waste in the technological process of disposal of medical waste.

Keywords: construction, pyrolysis plant, utilization, waste, heat fluxes

List of references

[1]    Iskovych-Lototsky, R., Ivanchuk, Y., Veselovska, N., Veselovskyy, R. (2013). Rozrakhunok temperaturnykh poliv v robochykh zonakh piroliznoyi ustanovky[Calculation of temperature fields in the working areas of the pyrolysis unit] Naukovi notatky. 42. 184–187. [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Iskovych-Lototsky, R., Ivanchuk, Y. (2007). Doslidzhennya dynamiky protsesu roboty universalʹnoho hidravlichnoho vibroudranoho pryvodu dlya rozvantazhennya transportnykh zasobiv [ Investigation of the dynamics of the universal hydraulic vibration drive for unloading vehicles] Naukovi notatky. 20. 184–187. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Korn, H., Korn, T. (1974). Spravochnyk po matematyke dlya nauchnykh rabotnykov y ynzhenerov. [Mathematics Handbook for Scientists and Engineers]. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian].
[4]    Kliuev, V. V., Hlazov, V. V., Dubrovskyi, A. X., Kliuev, A. S. (1990). Proektyrovanye system avtomatyzatsyy tekhnolohycheskykh protsessov : spravochnoe posobye, 2-eyzd., pererab. y dop. M: Enerhoatomyzdat, Moscow. [in Russian].
[5]    Pistunov, I. M. (2008). Proektuvannia informatsii nykh system. D.: Natsionalnyi hirnychyi universytet, Ukraine. [in Ukranian].
[6]    Kharchenko, V. S., Skliar, V. V., Tarasiuk, O. M. (2004). Metodu modelyrovanyia y otsenky kachestva y nadezhnosty prohrammnoho obespechenyia. Kharkov. [in Russian].
[7]    Kuntsevych, V. M. (2006). Upravlenye v uslovyiakh neopredelennosty: harantyrovannыe rezultatyv. [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Strutynskyi, V. B., Veselovska, N. R., Zelinska, O. V. (2008). Avtomatyzatsiia proektuvannia tekhnolohichnykh protsesiv ta system. Vibratsii v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiiakh, 3(52), 22–30. [in Ukranian].
[9]    Ivan Sevostianov, Oleksii Tokarchuk, Maryna Pidlypna (2021). Automated technological projection of classification processes of dry dispersive materials. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK, 2(113). 15–21. [in Ukranian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

Old version of site: http://tetapk.vsau.edu.ua, http://techjournal.vsau.org

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

 

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).