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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(114)

Published: 2021.09.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESIGN OF A PYROLYSIS INSTALLATION FOR WASTE DISPOSAL WITH DIRECTED DISTRIBUTION OF HEAT FLOWS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3-5
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Rostyslav Iskovich-Lototskyy – Doctor of Science (Engineering), Professor, Department of "Branch Mechanical Engineering" of Vinnitsa National Technical University (95, Khmelnytsky Shose Str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21021,e-mail: islord@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3920-3019 ).
Nataliia Veselovska – Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Head of the Department of Machines and Equipment of Agricultural Production of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Soniachna St., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: wnatalia@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-6721 ).
Bohdan Bratslavets – postgraduate student of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production" of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Sonyachna Street, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3315-4837)
Olha Yalina – postgraduate student of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production"of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Sonyachna Street, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6001-6272)

Annotation

Waste recycling is now gaining in importance around the world. The range of drugs used, the volume and degree of danger of waste generated by the activities of industrial institutions is increasing. As a result, the risk of epidemics increases. Therefore, the creation of an effective design of the furnace as the main unit of the pyrolysis unit is an urgent task.
The purpose of the furnace environment is to create in the working chamber the necessary and optimal physical and chemical conditions for the implementation of thermotechnological, thermotechnical and mechanical processes and protection of raw materials and obtained target products from unwanted chemical processes. The following substances are used as heat extraction reagent: air, inert and recirculating gases, water, steam, etc. If necessary, a slow decrease in temperature, cooling of materials and products is carried out together with the oven. Heat transfer processes in the waste disposal plant take place in difficult conditions and are characterized by a number of specific features. One of the main features is the high intensity of heat transfer. Another feature of thermal processes is the non-stationary temperature field in the working chamber of the furnace. Heat exchange in the working chamber of the furnace is carried out in three types - thermal conductivity, convection and thermal radiation, any combination of them or all types simultaneously, but one type of heat transfer always prevails over others in full or in a certain area of the furnace.

Keywords: construction, pyrolysis plant, utilization, waste, heat fluxes

List of references

[1]    Iskovych-Lototsky, R., Ivanchuk, Y., Veselovska, N., Veselovskyy, R. (2013). Rozrakhunok temperaturnykh poliv v robochykh zonakh piroliznoyi ustanovky[Calculation of temperature fields in the working areas of the pyrolysis unit]. Naukovi notatky. 42. 184–187. [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Iskovych-Lototsky, R., Ivanchuk, Y. (2007). Doslidzhennya dynamiky protsesu roboty universalʹnoho hidravlichnoho vibroudranoho pryvodu dlya rozvantazhennya transportnykh zasobiv [ Investigation of the dynamics of the universal hydraulic vibration drive for unloading vehicles] Naukovi notatky. 20. 184–187. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Korn, H., Korn, T. (1974). Spravochnyk po matematyke dlya nauchnykh rabotnykov y ynzhenerov. [Mathematics Handbook for Scientists and Engineers]. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian].
[4]    Kliuev, V. V., Hlazov, V. V., Dubrovskyi, A. X., Kliuev, A. S. (1990). Proektyrovanye system avtomatyzatsyy tekhnolohycheskykh protsessov : spravochnoe posobye, 2-eyzd., pererab. y dop. M: Enerhoatomyzdat, Moscow. [in Russian].
[5]    Pistunov, I. M. (2008). Proektuvannia informatsii nykh system. D.: Natsionalnyi hirnychyi universytet, Ukraine. [in Ukranian].
[6]    Kharchenko, V. S., Skliar, V. V., Tarasiuk, O. M. (2004). Metodu modelyrovanyia y otsenky kachestva y nadezhnosty prohrammnoho obespechenyia. Kharkov. [in Russian].
[7]    Kuntsevych, V. M. (2006). Upravlenye v uslovyiakh neopredelennosty: harantyrovannыe rezultatyv. Ky`ev Naukova Dumka [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Strutynskyi, V. B., Veselovska, N. R., Zelinska, O. V. (2008). Avtomatyzatsiia proektuvannia tekhnolohichnykh protsesiv ta system. Vibratsii v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiiakh, 3(52), 22–30. [in Ukranian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

Old version of site: http://tetapk.vsau.edu.ua, http://techjournal.vsau.org

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

 

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).