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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(110)

Published: 2020.10.30
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3


Description:
Тематика журналу: 131 - Прикладна механіка, 132 - Матеріалознавство, 133 - Галузеве машинобудування, 141 - Електроенергетика, електротехніка та електромеханіка, 208 - Агроінженерія.

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ELABORATION AND RESEARCHES OF HICHLY EFFECTIVE INSTALLATION FOR VIBRO-BLOWING DEHYDRATION OF DISPERSIVE WASTE OF FOOD PRODUCTIONS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3-3
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Севостьянов Іван Вячеславович – доктор технічних наук, завідувач кафедри «Технологічних процесів та обладнання переробних і харчових виробництв» Вінницького національного аграрного університету (вул. Сонячна, 3, м. Вінниця, 21008, Україна, e-mail: ivansev70@gmail.com).
Іванчук Ярослав Володимирович – кандидат технічних наук, доцент кафедри «Комп’ютерних наук» Вінницького національного технічного університету (вул. Хмельницьке шосе, 95, м. Вінниця, Україна, 21021, e-mail: ivanchuck@ukr.net).
Кравець Світлана Миколаївна – асистент кафедри «Загальнотехнічних дисциплін та охорони праці» Вінницького національного аграрного університету (вул. Сонячна, 3, м. Вінниця, 21008, Україна, e-mail: swkravec@ukr.net).

Севостьянов Иван Вячеславович – доктор технических наук, профессор кафедры «Технологических процессов и оборудования перерабатывающих и пищевых производств» Винницкого национального аграрного университета (ул. Солнечная, 3, г. Винница, 21008, Украина, e-mail: ivansev70@gmail.com)/
Иванчук Ярослав Владимирович – кандидат технических наук, доцент кафедры «Компьютерных наук» Винницкого национального технического университета (ул. Хмельницкое шоссе, 95, г. Винница, Украина, 21021, e-mail: ivanchuck@ukr.net).
Кравец Светлана Николаевна – ассистент кафедры «Общетехнических дисциплин и охраны труда» Винницкого национального аграрного университета (ул. Солнечная, 3, г. Винница, 21008, Украина, e-mail: swkravec@ukr.net).

Sevostyanov Ivan – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor of the Department of “Technological Processes and Equipment of Processing and Food Productions” of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: ivansev70@gmail.com).
Ivanchuck Yaroslav – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department "Computer Sciences" of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (95, Khmelnytsky highway, Vinnytsia, 21021, Ukraine, e-mail: ivanchuck@ukr.net).
Svetlana Kravets – Assistant of the Department "General technical disciplines and labor protection" of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnyschna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: swkravec@ukr.net).

Annotation

There are schemes of equipment for dehydration of damp dispersive waste of food productions (spirit grain, beer pallets, beet pulp, coffee and barley slag) analyzed in this article. These wastes at the majority of food enterprises of Ukraine are poured out onto the ground and that leads to environment pollution. However, in case of dehydration of these wastes to humidity 20 – 25%, they can be used as valuable additions to agricultural forages or as high-energy fuels. Thus, the problems of waste utilization and protection of nature from pollutions are resolved simultaneously. Besides, the enterprise gets a profit from the sales of forage additions or fuel. The known equipment for mechanical dehydration, for example, the screw-presses and the decanter centrifuges, provides the waste final humidity no less 74 – 76%, therefore waste demand of an additional drying after the dehydration at this equipment. That brings to a significant increase of energy expenses. An application of the vibro-blowing dehydration at the installations with the hydraulic pulse drive provides waste final humidity 20 – 25%, but these installations are complex by design, have big dimensions and high cost. A drying in pulverizing or in vacuum dryers is most power-consuming dehydration method (expenses of energy - 740 ÷ 2248 kW h/ ton of dehydrated waste). Equipment for the chemical and biological dehydration is the large multiple-unit complexes with low specific productivity. Therefore, article authors offer a scheme of the installation with the combined unbalanced and hydraulic drive that has a relatively simple design, compact dimensions, high reliability and at the same time, in correspondence with the authors’ estimation, will provide necessary, above indicated humidity. Also equations for determination of the main working parameter – the pressure in the press-form of the proposed installation are presented in the article.

Keywords: installation for dehydration, damp dispersive waste, food productions, combined unbalance and hydraulic drive

List of references

[1]    Sevostianov, I. V. (2020). Tekhnolohiia ta obladnannia dlia vibroudarnoho znevodnennia volohykh dyspersnykh materialiv : monohrafiia [Technology and equipment for vibro-blowing dehydration of damp dispersive materials : monograph]. Vinnytsia: VNAU. [in Ukrainian].
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[3]    Sevostianov, I. V. Polishchuk, O. V., Slabkyi, A. V. (2015). Rozrobka ta doslidzhennia ustanovky dlia dvokomponentnoho vibroudarnoho znevodnennia vidkhodiv kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Elaboration and research of installation for two-component vibro-blowing dehydration of food productions waste], Vostochno-evropeiskyi zhurnal peredovykh tekhnolohyi. 5/7 (77), 40–46 [in Ukrainian].
[4]    Sevostianov, I. V., Lutsyk, V. L. (2017) Ustanovka dlia bahatostadiinoho znevodnennia vidkhodiv kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Installation for multistage dehydration of food productions waste], 1, 105–113 [in Russian].
[5]    Antipov, S. T., Kretov, I. T., Ostrikov, A. N. (2001) Mashiny i apparaty pishhevyh proizvodstv. Kn. 2 [Machines and apparatus of food productions. Vol. 2] Moskow: Vysshaya shkola [in Russian].
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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).