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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(112)

Published: 2021.03.23
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-1


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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EXPANSION OF APPLICATION OF AUSTENITE STEEL PRODUCTS IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-1-9
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Posviatenko Eduard – Ph.D., Full Professor of the Department "Manufacturing, Repair and Materials Engineering " of the National Transport University (1, Mykhaila Omelianovycha-Pavlenka str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 01010, e-mail: natali1963@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6606-1365).
Budyak Ruslan – Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department «Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service» of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: rusbudyak.vnau@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3633-7583)
Aksom Petro – Ph.D., Individual Entrepreneur, (8 V. Stusa Street, Mukachevo, 89600, Ukraine, e-mail: petro.aksom@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5270-6812)

Annotation

The article considers the increase of machinability of austenitic steels by combining preliminary cold plastic deformation with the use of environmentally friendly lubricating and cooling fluids based on rapeseed oil. It is shown that by fusing plastic steels with a large amount of chromium, nickel and manganese, the Curie point can be reduced to room temperature. State diagrams of Fe - Mn and Fe - Cr - Ni systems after such transformations are considered. In the latter case, steels become suitable for products and technologies of the food industry, but they are difficult to process in mechanical technologies.
The study of steels 12Х15G9ND (AISI 201) is given; 08X18H10 (AISI 304); 110G13L (A128). A mathematical model of the object of study was developed, where the process factors were cold plastic deformation (COD), lubricating and cooling fluid (MPC) and cutting speed. The optimization parameters were the shrinkage of the chips and the length of contact of the latter with the front surface of the tool. The equation of the mathematical model is given.
A number of modern installations and methods of process research are described. Among the research methods, new ones are noted, in particular, methods of transverse compression, determination of the number of dislocations, spectral analysis, cutting of steels using MPAs of plant origin. The optimal brand of ecologically pure vegetable MPA is determined. It is rapeseed oil together with anti-emergency and anti-wear additives.
The main physical and mechanical characteristics of cutting austenitic steels in the context of the impact of HPD together with MPA are presented: friction force, normal force, contact stress, contact pressure, contact length, coefficient of friction, angles of action and shear. It is shown that HPD with coolant reduces the cutting temperature by 30 - 50 ºC, and the components of the cutting forces by 30 – 50%.
The effect of selected three main factors of the process on growth is studied. It is shown that the stress-strain state of the system "machined material - tool - chips" from the action of these factors approaches the specified state. That is, the intensity of growth decreases. The relationship between the main phenomena in the cutting of austenitic steels obtained in the study is presented.
It is established that medium temperature tempering in a protective environment should be recommended to restore the initial performance properties of austenitic steels. The final finishing operation can be processing with an elastic tool made of superhard materials.

Keywords: austenitic steels, cold plastic deformation, lubricating and cooling liquid, cutting speed, chip shrinkage, outgrowth.

List of references

[1]    Sushko, O. V., Posvyatenko, E. K., Kyurchev, S. V., Lodyakov, S. І., (2019). Applied Materials Science: textbook. Melitopol : LLC "Forward press". [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Duryagina, Z.A., Lizun, O.Y. (2007). Alloys with special properties. Lviv : Lviv Polytechnic. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Grabchenko, A.I., Zaloga, V.A. (2017). Integrated processes of material processing by cutting: textbook. Sumy : University Book, 451 p. [in Russian].
[4]    Poletika, M. F. (1969). Contact loads on the cutting surfaces of the tool. M. : Mechanical engineering. [in Russian].
[5]    Kuznetsov, V. D. (1956). Growths during cutting and friction: monograph. M. : State publishing house of technical and theoretical literature. [in Russian].
[6]    Posvyatenko, Е. К., Aksyom, P.  А., Budyak, R.V. (2016). Mathematical model of processing of details of vehicles from austenitic steels. Quality, standardization, control: theory and practice: Proceedings of the 16th International Scientific and Practical Conference, September 20-23, 2016, Odessa. Kyiv : ATM of Ukraine, 122–126. [in Russian].
[7]    Axsyom, P. A. (2016). Investigation of cold plastic deformation by the method of transverse compression. Theory and practice of rational design, manufacture and operation of machine-building structures: Conference proceedings. Lviv : KINPATRI LTD, 16–17. [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Posvyatenko, E. K., Aksyom, P. А., Melnik, O. V. (2017). On the influence of dislocations on the physical and mechanical properties of ferritic and austenitic steels. Modern problems of production and repair in industry and transport: Proceedings of the 17th International Scientific and Technical Seminar, February 20-24, 2017, Svalyava. Kyiv : ATM of Ukraine, 239–241. [in Ukrainian].
[9]    Posvyatenko, E. K., Axsyom, P. А., Budyak, R. V. (2016). The main directions of improving the machinability of parts made of austenitic steels. Bulletin of the National Transport University. Series: "Technical Sciences". K. : NTU, №1 (34). 370–377. [in Ukrainian].
[10]    Posvyatenko, Е. К., Axsyom, P. А., Posvyatenko, N. I. (2018). Influence of preliminary cold deformation and vegetable lubricating and cooling liquids on physical-mechanical and technological properties of austenitic steels. Cutting and tools in technological systems: International. scientific and technical Sat. H. : NTU "KhPI", 88. 172–178. [in Ukrainian].
[11]    Posvyatenko, E. K., Posvyatenko, N. I., Axsyom, P. A. (2015). Improving the properties of austenitic steels as a structural material. Systems and means of self-propelled transport. Selected items. Monograph. 6 series: Transport, Publishing House of the Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzesźow, 113–118. [in Ukrainian].
[12]    Posviatenko, E, Posviatenko, N., Budyak, R., Shvets, L., Paladiichuk, Ju., Aksom, P., Rybak, I., Sabadash, B., Hryhoryshen, V. (2018). Influence a material and the technological factors on improvement of operation properties of machine parts by reliefs and film coatings. Eastern-European journal of enterprise technologies. 5/12 (95). 48–56. [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).