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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2(109)

Published: 2020.08.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS AND THEIR ROLE IN PRECISION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2-8
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Kholodyuk Oleksandr - Ph.D, Senior Lecturer of the Department of "Operation of a machine-tractor park and technical service" of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sonychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: holodyk@vsau.vin. ua).

Annotation

 

Today, global navigation satellite systems are being implemented in many structural units of the Ukrainian economic complex, many spheres of human activity, and every year they continue to develop. One of the main feature of these satellite systems is the requirements for high accuracy and speed of received data. They provide the opportunity to reduce operating costs and increase the efficiency of use of equipment and other resources.
Therefore, the use of navigation satellite systems for controlling machine units, establishing their location, monitoring soil condition and yield mapping is becoming increasingly relevant today.

The subject of study in this article were global navigation satellite systems NAVSTARGPS (USA), GLONASS (RF), GALILEO (EU), BEIDOU (China) and regional navigation systems NavIC (India) and QUASI-ZENITH (Japan).
The purpose of the work was to clarify and establish the main characteristics of global navigation satellite systems and their role in the implementation of precision agriculture technologies.
The task of the work was: to analyze the functional characteristics of global positioning satellite systems and their main elements; to find out principles of operation of systems: navigation, coordinates, time; to establish the accuracy of navigation systems; to substantiate the role of global positioning satellite systems in the effective implementation of precision agriculture technologies in agriculture.
The research methodology was based on the method of materialistic dialectics, methods of analysis and synthesis of both information from official sources and information from the works of other researchers.
Two major operators of satellite navigation systems the NAVSTAR GPS and GLONASS, which are similar in many respects, have been identified in the scientific work. Among the distinctive features there are the nature of the location, the motion of satellites in orbits and their total number, methods of encoding the CDMA and FDMA signals, the use of different coordinate systems WGS-84 and PZ90.11. As for the other two satellite navigation systems GALILEO and BEIDOU, they are developing rapidly with great ambition and potential. It is established that at the present time the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the GLONASS system is inferior to the performance of the American satellite navigation system GPS. GLONASS provides more accurate positioning in the northern latitudes and GPS in the middle.
It is noted that the positioning accuracy of machine units for the implementation of precision farming technologies can be improved (from 2 to 20 cm) due to differential signal correction with the help of free and commercial wideband satellite navigation subsystems. These services will allow to implement the tasks of precision driving, and therefore, to ensure the accurate implementation of sowing material, fertilizers and herbicides to spare them, accurate inter-row cultivation of industrial crops, accurate harvesting, etc., when performing agro-technological operations using ground vehicles and landless vehicles .

Keywords: machine unit, navigation, global navigation satellite system, precision agriculture, NAVSTARGPS, GLONASS, GALILEO, BEIDOU, NavIC, QUASI-ZENITH, signal, positioning accuracy, coordinate system, differential correction.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).