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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(114)

Published: 2021.09.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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HYDRAULIC MACHINES FOR SEPARATION OF WET DISPERSED SYSTEMS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-3-12
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Ivan Sevostianov – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor of the Department of “Technological Processes and Equipment of Processing and Food Productions” of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: ivansev70@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8965-9810).
Sergiy Kraevsky – Post-Graduate Student of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: skraevsky4@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1590-1958).
Vasyl Sevostianov – Student of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: ivansev70@gmail.com).

Annotation

Separation processes of wet dispersed systems are quite common in the food, processing and other industries. In particular, these include processes related to the production of fruit and vegetable juices, jams, sunflower and olive oil, the extraction of fat from meat rinds in meat production, the separation of whey from cheese mass in the production of cheese, the separation of grated cocoa into butter and pulp, dehydration of wet dispersed waste of food production (alcohol grain, beer pellets, beet pulp, coffee and barley sludge). These processes are quite energy-intensive and have low-productivity, therefore, much attention is paid for modernization of equipment for their implementation in the direction of improving the indicated efficiency characteristics, as well as increasing reliability and reducing material consumption, complexity and price of working machines. At the same time, the known hydraulic static presses do not provide of low final moisture content of the product and the required productivity of the working process. Vibratory pressing equipment is often quite complex, unreliable and generates intense noise and vibration during of operation. Screw presses with an electromechanical drive, despite of their advantages, do not allow to achieve of the necessary degree of separation of the components of the dispersed system, in addition, their actuators are structurally quite complex and wear out quickly. The authors propose improved schemes of hydraulic presses for separation of wet dispersed systems, which can provide high rates of efficiency of the working process and have a simple and reliable design. The article also presents equations for calculating of the main operating parameters of the proposed equipment.

Keywords: hydraulic drive, dispersed system, separation process, productivity, energy consumption.

List of references

[1]    Cherevko, O. I., Poperechny, A. M. (2014). Procesy i aparaty harchovyh vyrobnycztv [Processes and apparatuses of food productions] Harkiv.: Svit Knyg [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Sevostianov, I. V. (2020). Tekhnolohiia ta obladnannia dlia vibroudarnoho znevodnennia volohykh dyspersnykh materialiv : monohrafiia [Technology and equipment for vibro-blowing dehydration of damp dispersive materials : monograph] Vinnytsia: VNAU [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Sevostianov, I. V., Lutsyk, V. L. (2017). Ustanovka dlia bahatostadiinoho znevodnennia vidkhodiv kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Installation for multistage dehydration of food productions waste] Visnyk mashynobuduvannia ta transportu, 1, 105–113 [in Ukrainian].
[4]    Iskovych-Lototskyi, R. D., Obertiukh, R. R., Sevostianov, I. V. (2006). Protsesy ta mashyny vibratsiinykh i vibroudarnykh tekhnolohii [Processes and machines for vibration and vibro-blowing technologies]. Monograph. Vinnytsia: UNIVERSUM-Vinnytsia [in Ukrainian].
[5]    Sevostianov, I. V. Polishchuk, O. V., Slabkyi, A. V. (2015). Rozrobka ta doslidzhennia ustanovky dlia dvokomponentnoho vibroudarnoho znevodnennia vidkhodiv kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Elaboration and research of installation for two-component vibro-blowing dehydration of food productions waste], 5/7 (77), 40–46 Vostochno-evropeiskyi zhurnal peredovykh tekhnolohyi [in Ukrainian].
[6]    Sevostianov, I., Ivanchuck, Ya. Kravets, S. (2020). Elaboration and researches of highly effective installation for vibro-blowing dehydration of dispersive waste of food productions. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK, 3 (110), 24–33. [in English].
[7]    Bashta, T. M., Nekrasov, B. B. (1982). Gidravlika, gidromashiny i gidroprivody [Hydraulic, hydraulic machines and hydraulic drives]. Moscow: Mashinostroenie [in Russian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

Old version of site: http://tetapk.vsau.edu.ua, http://techjournal.vsau.org

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

 

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).