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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(112)

Published: 2021.03.23
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-1


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNICAL MEANS OF QUALITY CONTROL RESTORATION OF SMALL-SIZED ENGINES

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2021-1-15
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Yuriy Paladiychuk – Candidate of Science (Engineering), Associate Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Soniachna St., Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: rewet@vsau.vin.ua, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4257-9383).
Inna Telyatnuk – 5th year student of specialty 208 of Agroengineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna st., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: inna201098@gmail.com).

Annotation

Mechanization of labor on small farms and individual farms is a very important issue of modern agriculture. The use of small agricultural machinery with a capacity of up to 16 kW is quite relevant today.
Small-sized machinery is divided into: small 4-wheeled tractors, 2-wheeled motoblocks, cultivators, machines and equipment. With the help of this technique perform various agricultural and other types of work in crop production, horticulture, gardening on small plots, livestock and more.
Despite its rather small size, small equipment also has various mechanisms that fail over time. Most often, the parts of the internal combustion engine fail. In general, the cost of repairing the internal combustion engine during operation may exceed the total cost of the engine by 5-6 times. Thus, there is a question of improving the system of technical service of engines of small tractors.
This article considers the issue of increasing the efficiency of operation of internal combustion engines for small tractors, due to the effective conduct of after-sales or post-repair running-in and improving the maintenance system. Types of small-sized equipment are presented. The analysis of possible loading and speed modes of cold and hot running-in of internal combustion engines and means for their realization is carried out. Technical means for running-in and testing of internal combustion engines are analyzed. The following formulas are given for determination: smoke of exhaust gases at running-in of engines; light transmission of exhaust gases; speed control range; load torque; the content of harmful substances (Q) in the exhaust gases on the j-th components. The necessity of bench running-in of engines of small-sized agricultural machinery is substantiated. The functional scheme of the stand for running-in and testing of internal combustion engines is considered. The stages of cold and hot running-in of small-sized engines are described.
With the help of the received information, the results are made and the analysis of methods of running-in of internal combustion engines of small-sized agricultural machinery is carried out.

Keywords: internal combustion engine, small tractors, running-in, running-in, cold running-in, hot running-in, exhaust gases, repair, maintenance.

List of references

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[2]    Paladiychuk YB, Zinev MV Specialized repair companies, the state and prospects of development or decline. Modern problems of agricultural mechanics: a collection of scientific works XVIII international. Science. conf. (October 16-18, 2017, Kamyanets-Podilsky). Ternopil: Krok, 2017. 240 p.
[3]    Voytyuk DG Agricultural and reclamation machines. Voytiuk DG, Dubrovin VO, Ishchenko TD etc.; For order. Voytyuka DG K .: Higher education, 2004. 544 p.
[4]    Paladiychuk Yu.B., Telyatnyk IA Substantiation of parameters of reduction of toxicity of exhaust gases of diesel engines. Machinery, energy, transport of agro-industrial complex. Vip. 1 (108). Vinnytsia. 2020. S. 44-57.
[5]    Sidorchuk OV, Kotenko SS, Vasylenko MO, Kucheryavy VM Problems of technical service of agricultural machinery. Mechanization and electrification of agriculture. Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection. Vol.2. Glevakha, 2014. Issue 99. S. 299¬307.
[6]    Technical service in the agro-industrial complex: a textbook. L.V. Shoemaker, Yu.B. Paladiychuk, OO Trukhanskaya. Vinnytsia: VNAU, 2019. - 648 p.
[7]    Laush PV and others. Maintenance and repair of machines. - К .: Вища школа, 2013.
[8]    Chikunov, Yu. M. Theoretical substantiation of energy-saving system of stands for running-in and testing of internal combustion engines. Yu. M. Chikunov. Energy security and energy saving. - 2012. - № 3. -С. 23-25.
[9]    Savchenko, NZ Theoretical and experimental bases of process of running-in of connected details of internal combustion engines: author's ref. dis. Dr. Tech. Science: 05.412. N.Z. Savchenko. - Kyiv, 1971. - 55 p.
[10]    Zhdanko, DA Resource conservation during running-in of repaired engines by improving the running-in brake stand. DA Zhdanko, AV Novikov, YT Tymoshenko. Bulletin of the Ukrainian State Agricultural Academy. - 2009. - № 1. - P. 124-127.
[11]    Melnikov, GI Methods of construction of energy-saving electromechanical stands for testing internal combustion engines. GI Melnikov, AO Korotkov. Bulletin of NTU "XIII". - 2014. - №24 (1067). - P. 56-62.
[12]    Mavrelos, Christoforos & Theotokatos, Gerasimos. (2018). Numerical investigation of a premixed combustion large marine two-stroke dual fuel engine for optimizing engine settings via parametric runs. Energy Conversion and Management. 160. 10.1016 / j.enconman.2017.12.097.
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[14]    DSTU ISO 26322-2: 2013 Agricultural and forestry tractors. Security requirements. Part 2. Tractors narrow-gauge and small (ISO 26322-2: 2010, IDT).

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).