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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA STATE AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4(107)

Published: 2019.12.20
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2019-4


Description:
The journal addresses the problems of creating and improving machinery and technologies for agriculture, food and processing industries, mechanical engineering, energy and transport.

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INFLUENCE OF MILK QUALITY INDICATORS ON NUTRITIONAL PRODUCTS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2019-4-5
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Solomon Alla – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of food technology and microbiology of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sonyachna st., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: Soloalla78@ukr.net).
Polievoda Yurii – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of technological processes and equipment for processing and food production, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinnitsia, st. Sonyachna 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: vinyura36@gmail.com.

Annotation

Ukraine needs to introduce high standards for the safety and quality of dairy products, which have become the norm for the world's leading producers.  According to the order of the profile ministry of the state «On approval of the Requirements for the safety and quality of milk and dairy products» must determine the safety of milk.  The minimum milk to be processed must meet the relevant criteria.  The requirements approved by the decree shall apply to milk and dairy market operators exporting or declaring their readiness for such exports to the competent authority.
 For all other milk and dairy market operators, the above requirements apply from January 2022.  The new national standards, harmonized with the European ones, require gradual implementation, which is why the order provides for a transitional period.
 The Milk Producers Association (AVM) states that it is not profitable to produce milk by extravagance.  According to the US National Profile Board, if the milk contains about 400,000 / ml somatic cells, then the farmer loses about 700 kg of milk during the cow's lactation period.
 The overall goal of new legislative changes in Ukraine is to create and implement in our country a modern food safety monitoring system based on risk assessment in the dairy value chain.  Therefore, dairy farms and the private population (who supply milk) should be prepared for periodic inspections of raw milk (laboratory tests) and for production inspection.
 The article investigates the quality of milk collected from farms and private farms.  Reasons for the decrease in the quality of the product under study were identified.  Proposed ways to improve the quality of milk raw materials.


Keywords: food safety, quality indicators, density, purity group, somatic cells.

List of references


[1]    Novi standarty bezpechnosti ta yakosti moloka. URL: http://milkua.info/uk/post/novi-standarti-bezpecnosti-ta-akosti-moloka.
[2]    Ostapiuk, S. D. (2017). Vdoskonalennia metodolohii vprovadzhennia systemy NASSR, yak systemy upravlinnia yakistiu na molokopererobnykh pidpryiemstvakh. Dys. kandydata tekhn. Nauk. Lviv [in Ukraine].
[3]    Solomon, A. M. (2008). Novi pidkhody do udoskonalennia yakosti ta bezpeky moloka. [New approaches to improving the quality and safety of milk]. Zb. naukovykh prats VDAU «Suchasni problemy pidvyshchennia yakosti, bezpeky vyrobnytstva ta pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva». Vinnitsia (34), 221–225. [in Ukraine].
[4]    Novhorodska, N. V. (2018). Vplyv paratypovykh faktoriv na termostiikist moloka. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. «Ahrarna nauka ta kharchovi tekhnolohii». Vinnitsia, (12), 138–146. [in Ukraine].
[5]    DSTU 3662:2018. (2018) Moloko-syrovyna koroviache. Tekhnichni umovy. Kyiv [in Ukraine].
[6]    Novhorodska, N. V., Blashchuk, V. V. (2015). Problemy yakosti moloka v Ukraini. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu veterynarnoi medytsyny ta biotekhnolohii im. S.Z. Hzhytskoho. Lviv, 17, (1(61)), 72‒76. [in Ukraine].
[7]    Solomon, A. M., Polievoda, Yu. A. (2019). Kyslomolochni deserty zbahacheni bifidobakteriiamy. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK. Vinnitsia (2(105)), 66–74. [in Ukraine].
[8]    Vágány, J., Dunay, A., Szеkely, C., Pető, I. (2011). Developmentand implementation of HACCP system in JÓZSEF MAJOR experimental and demonstrations farm, a dairy farm for fresh milk. URL: http://www.miau.gau.hu/ miau/64/jozsefmajor.doc (Last accessed: 12.09.2011).

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" on its pages presents materials on the following issues:

• Machine use in crop production and in animal husbandry

• Technical service of mobile equipment

• Processes and equipment for processing and food productions

• Mechanical engineering and material processing

• Energy technology and alternative energy sources

• Transport and transport-technological processes and equipment

• Automation of technological processes

• Opinion of a young scientist

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI:

ISSN (print): 2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18.75 conv. print. sheet

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).