logo

Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

Read about journal

INFLUENCE OF THE QUANTITY OF TECHNOLOGICAL OPERATIONS FOR THE PROCESSING OF LYCERNY IN THE CUTTING ON ITS CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-3
PDF Повернутись

Zhurenko Yuri – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Agricultural Machines of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, е-mail: jurenko@vsau.vin.ua).
Annotation

The chemical composition and nutritional value of alfalfa hay are influenced by: climatic conditions, soils, phase of development in the period of mowing mass, variety, technology of cultivation and harvesting, etc. Hay harvesting is associated with high nutrient losses due to leaf loss and inflorescence or significant energy consumption for artificial drying. Mechanical losses often exceed 40% or more, with more than half of them occurring in the field operations: mowing, flattening, stirring, raking and weight gain.

The question of the impact of the multiplicity of technological operations on the processing of the roll by elastic working bodies when harvesting hay from alfalfa on the chemical composition has not been sufficiently studied, which was the purpose of the research.Field technological experiments were carried out on pure crops of alfalfa of the blue Vinnychanka variety in different weather conditions. The results obtained by us in the field technological experiments show that the multiplicity of cultivation of the roll in the process of harvesting alfalfa for hay and weather conditions to some extent affect its quality and nutrient content in it.

Thus, the protein content in the initial mass (first experiment) was 15.61, in the hay prepared without the use of roll processing - 13.43, using a single treatment - 14.81, twice - 13.69 and three times 13.65% in dry matter.According to the results of the research, it was found that the hay harvested using single roll processing had the highest carotene content in natural mass - 32.4 mg / kg in the first and 30.4 mg / kg in the second experiments.No significant difference in the variants of experiments was observed in the content of ash and minerals, calcium and phosphorus. By all indicators of nutrient content, the technology of hay harvesting with the use of one-time processing of the roll per day was the best.

Keywords: hay, alfalfa, multiplicity, technological operations, drying, chemical composition.

List of references

[1]         Belenchuk, V. I. (1984). Improvement of hay quality. M .: Kolos. [in Russian].

[2]         Bogdanov, G. А., Zverev, A. I., Prokopenko, L. S., Privalo, O. E. (1984). Handbook for feed and feed additives. K.: Harvest. [in Russian].

[3]         Boyarsky, L. G., Dzardanov, V. D. (1988). Production and use of feed in industrial livestock production. Moscow: Rosselkhozizdat. [in Russian].

[4]         Burnie L. (1979). Means of reducing energy consumption by drying equipment. Dokl. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. New York. [in English].

[5]         DSTU 4674: 2006. Hay. Specifications. Kiev. 2008[in Ukrainian].

[6]         Zhelezkov T. (1979). Influence of the time of harvesting and preservation of alfalfa on its composition and digestibility during fattening of lambs. Feeding and feeding, 9, 48. [in Russian].

[7]         Karpus, M. M., Karpovich, S. I., Prokopenko, L. S. (1978). Nutrition Feeder. K.: Harvest. [in Ukrainian].

[8]         Karpus, M. M., Katsukova, A. A., Filatova, S. I. (1988). Feed nutrition guide. K.: Harvest. [in Ukrainian].

[9]         Kinsburg, Z. S. (1985). Efficiency of fractionation of alfalfa grass and feed values of the products obtained: Author's abstract. diss Cand. s.c. Sciences.M., 21 p. [in Russian].

[10]      Lesnitsky, V. A. (1980). Billets of pressed hay. Moscow: Moscow State University of the USSR. [in Russian].

[11]      Ormechi, K. S., Barabash, G. I. (1981). Operating technology of feed harvesting. Moscow: Rosselkhozizdat. [in Russian].

[12]      Smurogin, M. A., Lesnitsky, V. R., Serdechnyj, A. I. (1986). Progressive Technologies of Hay Preparation. Moscow: Agropromizdat. [in Russian].

[13]      Hoffman, L., Kautfold, P., Piatkovskii, V. (1978). Use of nutrients with ruminant animals. M .: Kolos. [in Russian].

[14]      Yakubovsky, S. V. (1992). The main source of protein increase. Livestock of Ukraine, 6, 89. [in Ukrainian].

[15]      Jelinowska, A., Skryniar, H. (1988). Lucerna w Nowoczesnej gocpodarce paszowej. Pr. zegl Hodawl, 21, 2123. [in English].

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).