INNOVATIVE ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES OF THE SOYE EXTRACTION PROCESS
Bandura Valentyna – Professor, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Head of the Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service, Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3, Sonychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: email@example.com)
The key process for extracting oils from raw materials is extraction. In this case, extraction is a complex and time-consuming process. The extraction process is characterized by low intensity. One of the most promising and innovative methods of extracting plant material is the use of microwave technologies. As there are no generally accepted recommendations for microwave extraction regimens and extract properties, this makes it impossible to create the appropriate technology and to develop a microwave extractor to obtain the target substances.
The article reviews the existing equipment for extraction of various raw materials. It is shown that pulsed electromagnetic field is an effective tool for the implementation of microwave technology. The degree of intensification of mass transfer processes with the application of directional energy diffusion technologies can be much higher than the possibilities of traditional technologies. Scientists study that traditional processes take 3 hours or more, and the process of barodiffusion plus gravity takes less than 30 minutes.
The results of the study of the innovative process of soybean extraction using microwave technologies are presented in the article. With increasing temperature, the extraction rate increased, which was associated with an increase in the rates of chemical reactions and diffusion coefficients, a positive effect on the kinetic, internally and externally diffusive nucleus, the driving force of the process increased, and the resistance to its course decreased. The intensification of the extraction process by the microwave field occurs by increasing the pressure inside the capillaries of the vegetable raw materials, with their subsequent destruction and maximum flow of the target component into the extractant. There is a flow of diffusion, which contributes to a significant reduction in time and increase the extraction of valuable components from raw materials.
The use of microwave technologies is real and promising as the extraction process facilitates the release of the target component with a significant increase in the concentration (an average of 2 times) and a significant reduction in the oil extraction time.
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131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)
Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).