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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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INNOVATIVE ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES OF THE SOYE EXTRACTION PROCESS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-10
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Bandura Valentyna – Professor, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Head of the Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service, Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3, Sonychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: bandura_3@ukr.net)

Annotation

The key process for extracting oils from raw materials is extraction. In this case, extraction is a complex and time-consuming process. The extraction process is characterized by low intensity. One of the most promising and innovative methods of extracting plant material is the use of microwave technologies. As there are no generally accepted recommendations for microwave extraction regimens and extract properties, this makes it impossible to create the appropriate technology and to develop a microwave extractor to obtain the target substances.

The article reviews the existing equipment for extraction of various raw materials. It is shown that pulsed electromagnetic field is an effective tool for the implementation of microwave technology. The degree of intensification of mass transfer processes with the application of directional energy diffusion technologies can be much higher than the possibilities of traditional technologies. Scientists study that traditional processes take 3 hours or more, and the process of barodiffusion plus gravity takes less than 30 minutes.

The results of the study of the innovative process of soybean extraction using microwave technologies are presented in the article. With increasing temperature, the extraction rate increased, which was associated with an increase in the rates of chemical reactions and diffusion coefficients, a positive effect on the kinetic, internally and externally diffusive nucleus, the driving force of the process increased, and the resistance to its course decreased. The intensification of the extraction process by the microwave field occurs by increasing the pressure inside the capillaries of the vegetable raw materials, with their subsequent destruction and maximum flow of the target component into the extractant. There is a flow of diffusion, which contributes to a significant reduction in time and increase the extraction of valuable components from raw materials.

The use of microwave technologies is real and promising as the extraction process facilitates the release of the target component with a significant increase in the concentration (an average of 2 times) and a significant reduction in the oil extraction time.

 

Keywords: soybean, extraction, equipment, microwave technologies.

List of references

[1] Rubin, A. B. (1990). Osnovy proyektirovaniya predpriyatiy mikrobiologicheskoy promyshlennosti. [Product distribution policy] Moskau.: Agropromizdat [in Russian].

[2] Domaretskyy, V.A., Ostapchuk, M. V., Ukrayinets, A. I. (2003). Tekhnolohiya kharchovykh produktiv  [Product innovative policy]. Kyiv: NUKHT [in Ukrainian].

[3] Pertsevyy, F. V., Kamsulina, N. V., Kolesnikova, M. B., Yancheva, M. O., Hurskyy, P. V.,  Tishchenko, L. M. (2006). Tekhnolohiya produktsiyi kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Modern trends in retail network in Ukraine]. Kharkiv:  Kharkiv DUHT [in Ukrainian].

[4] Burdo, O. G., Ryashko, G. M. (2007). Ekstragirovaniye v sisteme «kofe-voda»: monografíya [Modern trends in retail network in Ukraine]. Odessa [in Ukrainian].

[5] Bandura, V. (2011). Perspektyvy kombinovanykh metodiv pererobky oliynykh kulʹtur. [Prospects of combined methods of oilseed processing]. Zb. Nauk. pr. Vinnytsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho ahrarnoho universytetu,  Ser.Tekhnichni nauky. №8, 32–36 [in Ukrainian].

[6] Burdo, O. G., Bandura, V. N., Levtrinskaya, Yu. O. (2018). Electrotechnologies of targeted energy delivery in the processing of food raw materials. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 54, 2, 210–218 [in USA]. 

[7] Burdo O. G., Terziyev S. G., & Bandura V. N. (2015) Printsipy napravlennogo energeticheskogo deystviya v pishchevykh nanotekhnologiyakh. [Principles of directed energy action in food nanotechnology]. Problemele energeticii regionale, 1, 79–86 [in Ukrainian].

[8] Chemat, F., Cravotto, G. (2013). Microwave-assisted Extraction for Bioactive Compound. Springer, NewYork. ISBN 978-1-4614-4829-7. [in USA]

[9] Bandura, V. M.,  Kolyanovska, L. M. (2013). Obrobka eksperymentalʹnykh danykh protsesu ekstrahuvannya roslynnykh oliy mikrokhvylʹovym polem [Processing of experimental data of the process of extraction of vegetable oils with a microwave field]. Naukovi pratsi Odesʹkoyi natsionalʹnoyi akademiyi kharchovykh tekhnolohiy, 43(2), 66–69 [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).