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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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INVESTIGATION OF THE MECHANICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF FODDER CROPS TO DETERMINE THE PARAMETERS OF THE WORKING BODIES OF MOWER CONDITIONERS AND OPTIMAL MODES OF THEIR OPERATION

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-2
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Komaha Vitalii PhD, Senior Lecturer of the “ Agroengineering and technical service ” of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3, Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: komacha@vsau.vin.ua).

Tokarchuk Oleksii – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of “Technological Processes and Equipment of Processing and Food Productions” of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3,  Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: tokarchuk@vsau.vin.ua ).

Zamrii Mykhailo – 4th year student of specialty 208 of Agroengineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: zamrij99@gmail.com) .

Annotation

In modern conditions, with insufficient resource supply for agriculture, the most popular in fodder production is resource-saving technologies that increase production of highly nutritious feed at a low cost of labor and money. In field fodder production, resource conservation can be achieved through the wider use of new approaches and crops in the harvesting - perennial leguminous grasses for harvesting hay, which have high environmental sustainability and competitive ability. The most important task of intensifying livestock  in the winter is the harvesting of hay (haylage) from crops with a high content of protein and protein  (carotene). As a result of the study of the size-mass characteristics of the most valuable feed-rich crop, rich in protein and amino acids, which is important when developing methods for preparing fodder from perennial leguminous herbs - alfalfa. Knowing the properties of alfalfa will allow  to really reach the design and technological parameters. The linear dimensions of alfalfa are given to enable the design of mower conditioners with vertical placement of conditioner rollers (sizes of working bodies, their setting and operating modes).

According to the long-term results of the study of the size-mass characteristics of alfalfa, the features of varying the marked features and their correlation are established. Research data after mathematical processing made it possible to identify the correlation between the length of the stalk of alfalfa and its stability, which is an important indicator in the design of working bodies and the establishment of appropriate operating modes of mower conditioners with a vertical conditioner.

Keywords: alfalfa, size and mass characteristics, feed production, profitability, harvesting technology, mower conditioner.

List of references

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[2]         Iopa, I. L., Sereda, P. Ya., Shvetsov, H. H. (1983). Sravnitelnaya otsenka kormov iz lyutsernyi [Comparative evaluation of alfalfa feed]. Kormoproizvodstvo, 7, 2526. [in Russian].

[3]         Vavilov, P. P., Pasyipanov, G. S. (1983). Bobovyie kulturyi i problemyi rastitelnogo belka [Legumes and vegetable protein problems]. M.: Rosselhozizdat. [in Russian].

[4]         Vasilchenko, I. T. (1949). Lyutserna, luchshee kormovoe rastenie [Alfalfa, the best fodder plants]. Trudyi Botan. instituta AN SSSR, 8, 95–119. [in Russian].

[5]         Dan Undersander (2007). Alfalfa Best Practices University of Wisconsin. [in English].

[6]         Gubaydullin, H. G., Enikeev, R. S. (1982). Lyutserna na korm i semena [Alfalfa for feed and seeds]. M.: Rosselhozizdat. [in Russian].

[7]         Lupashku, M. F. (1977). Lyutserna na kormovyie tseli [Alfalfa for forage purposes]. KishinYov: Kartya Moldovinyaske. [in Russian].

[8]         Lubenets, P. A. (1977). Kormovoe dostoinstvo i himicheskiy sostav lyutsernyi
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[9]         Martovitskaya, A. M., Buryikina, S. I., Martovitskiy, P. I. (1984). Kachestvo proteina v kormah iz lyutsernyi [Alfalfa Protein Quality]. Kormoproizvodstvo, 10, 16–18. [in Russian].

[10]       Zinchenko, B. S. (1975). Bagatorichni bobovi travy [Perennial legumes]. K. : Urozhaj. [in Ukrainian].

[11]      Milyutina, K. F. (1984). Poteri v protsesse uborki i hraneniya lyutsernyi i krasnogo klevera [Losses during harvesting and storage of alfalfa and red clover]. Selskoe hozyaystvo za rubezhom, 6, 3638. [in Russian].

[12]      Malyk, O. G. (1995). Problemy vykorystannya vysokobilkovyx kormiv u godivli tvaryn [Problems of using high-protein feed in animal feeding]. Mizhvid. temat. nauk. zbirn. «Problemy` agropromyslovogo kompleksu Karpat». V. Bakta: Karpaty, 4. 207214. [in Ukrainian].

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[14]      Gubarev, A. N., Pavlov, D. V. (1989). Rezultatyi laboratorno – polevyih ispyitaniy navesnoy rotatsionnoy kosilki s bilnyimi konditsionerami razlichnyih konstruktsiy [Results of laboratory field tests of a mounted rotary mower with flexible air conditioners of various designs]. Trudyi VNII KOMZh. Problemyi sozdaniya mashin i oborudovaniya dlya zhivotnovodstva. 38–47. [in Russian].

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[16]      Haydu, Y. (1984). Preimuschestva kosilok-plyuschilok pri zagotovke sena [Advantages of mower conditioners for hay]. Mehanizatsiya i elektrifikatsiya selskogo hozyaystva, 1. 94–98. [in Russian].

[17]      Sposob podgotovki kormovyih rasteniy k sushke [A method for preparing feed plants for drying] : A. s. 3544510/30-15 SSSR/ Yu. A. Evdokimov, V. R. Toropov (SCSR). 1153856; Zayavleno 21.01.83; Opubl. 07.05.85, Byul. 17. 2p.

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[19]      Derevyanko, D. A., Kondratyuk, D. G., Komaxa, V. P. (2008). Intensyfikaciya procesu provyalyuvannya riznyx chastyn stebla bobovyx trav pry dopomozi plyushhennya [Intensification of the process of cutting through different parts of the legume stem by flattening]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz Kirovogradskogo nacionalnogo texnichnogo universytetu, Kirovograd: Kirovogradskyj nacionalnyj agrarnyj universytet, 21. 160–163. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).