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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2(109)

Published: 2020.08.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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JUSTIFICATION OF THE METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TREATMENT AND SOWING OF SUGAR BEETS AND THE APPLICATION OF THE RESULTS IN PREPARATION TECHNOLOGIES

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2-4
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Kurilo Vasiliy – Doctor of agricultural sciences, professor of the department of agroengineering and technical service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University, Corresponding Member of NAAS (3, Solnychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: kurilo_v@ukr.net).
Pryshlyak Viktor – PhD, Аssociate professor of the department of agroengineering and technical service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3, Solnyshchaya St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: viktor.prishlyak@i.ua).

Annotation

The article describes advanced technological processes of pre-sowing of soil and sowing of sugar beet, which positively influences innovative development of beet-growing and scientific-practical project preparation of future specialists in agro-engineering in higher education institutions. In order to increase the field germination of seeds and to ensure the uniform placement of plants in rows, as well as to reduce the cost of growing sugar beets for pre-sowing soil and sowing, a new method is proposed and a device for pre-sowing tillage in the row area is developed. This method ensures that the topsoil is loosened and compacted while sowing the seed only in the row area without loosening it in the row spacing with successively positioned rotating working bodies, planar paws and rolls.
According to the results of the researches, an approximate model of the optimal composition of the top soil layer in the aisles and in the row area by its fractional composition and density was developed, the parameters of the working bodies for the pre-sowing tillage were grounded. Initial data were also obtained and initial agrotechnical requirements for the unit for pre-sowing soil and sowing beet seeds were developed. Application of technological process with optimally grounded parameters of strip pre-sowing tillage in the area of rows and sowing of seeds in one pass of the unit and technical means for its execution gives the opportunity to qualitatively prepare the soil with formation of the most favorable fractional composition for seed germination. This increases the field germination of seeds and the uniform distribution of plants in rows, reducing the cost of fuel and direct operating costs of growing sugar beets.
The results of the research can be used to improve and optimize zonal technologies and facilities for growing sugar beets, as well as in the educational process and scientific activities of students.

Keywords: sugar beets, seeds, soil, pre-sowing, density, field germination.

List of references

[1]    Bondar, S. M., Pryshlyak, V. M., Shimko, L. S. (2015). Upravlinnya kompleksamy mashyn u tekhnolohichnykh protsesakh obrobitku gruntu [Machine Complex Management in Soil Processing Processes]. Nizhin. [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Zuev, M. M., Kurilo, V. L., Gumentik, M. Ya. (2001). Vplyv hustoty roslyn na ahrofizychni parametry koreneplodiv i yakistʹ zbyrannya [Influence of plant density on agro-physical parameters of root crops and quality of harvesting] Sugar beet, 2 (20). 12–19. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Kovbasa, V. P., Pryshlyak, V. M., Yaroshchuk R. A. (2019). Vyznachennya vplyvu silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkoyi tekhniky na grunt. [Determination of influence of agricultural machinery on soil] Engineering, energy, transportation of agroindustrial complex, 4 (107). 11–20. [in Ukrainian]
[4]    Marchenko, O. S. (1991). Tendentsiya razvitiya tekhnologiy i rabochikh organov mashin dlya pochvoobrabotki [The development trend of technologies and working bodies of machines for tillage] Mechanization and electrification of rural economy, 7. 61–64. [in Russian].
[5]    Naukovo-metodychni rekomendatsiyi shchodo zbyrannya tsukrovykh buryakiv [Scientific and methodological recommendations for sugar beet harvesting] (2002) / Roik, M. V., Zuev M.,M., Kurilo V.,L., Humentik M., Ya. Kyiv: Agrarian science. [in Ukrainian].
[6]    Zuev, M.M., Kurilo, V. L., Tkach, O.V., Mykoluk, Yu. V. (2001). Pat. 33770, Ukraine, A01B49/06 Prystriy dlya peredposivnoho obrobitku gruntu ta posivu [Sowing and planting unit]. Ukraine: State Intellectual Property Service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].
[7]    Pryshlyak, V. M., Kurilo, V. L., (2019). Naukovo-tekhnichni osoblyvosti proektuvannya dyskovykh znaryadʹ dlya innovatsiynykh tekhnolohiy vyrobnytstva tsukrovykh buryakiv yak metodolohichna skladova formuvannya profesiynykh kompetentnostey ahroinzhenera [Scientific and technical peculiarities of designing disk tools for innovative technologies of sugar beet production as a methodological component of formation of professional competencies of agro-engineer] Engineering, energy, transportation of agroindustrial complex, 1 (104). 28–35. [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Sinchenko, V. M. (2012). Upravlinnya formuvannyam produktyvnosti tsukrovykh buryakiv [Management of sugar beet productivity formation]. Kyiv: IBС&SB of the NAАS of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].
[9]    Kurilo, V. L., Zikov, P. Yu., Pachevsky, I. A. (2008). Pat. 36336, Ukraine, A01B47/00 Sposib peredposivnoho obrobitku gruntu v zoni ryadkiv [Method of pre-sowing soil in the row area]. Ukraine: State Intellectual Property Service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].
[10]    Gevko, B. M., Lyashchuk, O. L., Pavelchuk, Yu. F., Pryshlyak, V.M., Chvartatsky, I.I., Zayats, M. L., Lototskii, R. I. (2014). Tekhnolohichni osnovy proektuvannya ta vyhotovlennya posivnykh mashyn [Technological bases of sowing machine design and manufacturing]. Ternopil. [in Ukrainian].
[11]    Pryshliak Viktor, Kurylo Vasyl (2019). Soil and water resources as important objects and prerequisites for the design of agricultural machines and the formation of professional competencies of an agricultural engineer // Mechanization in agriculture & conserving of the resources: International scientific journal. – Sofia, Bulgaria: Scientific-technical union of mechanical engineering “Industry-4,0” Bulgarian association of mechanization in agriculture, Year LXV, Issue 4. 120-125, ISSN (PRINT) 2603-3704, ISSN (WEB) 2603-3712. [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).