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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA STATE AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4(107)

Published: 2019.12.20
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2019-4


Description:
The journal addresses the problems of creating and improving machinery and technologies for agriculture, food and processing industries, mechanical engineering, energy and transport.

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METHOD OF COVERING THE SCHEDULE OF LOADING OF A LIVESTOCK FARM IN THE CASE OF AUTONOMOUS ELECTRICITY SUPPLY, BASED ON BIOGAS PLANTS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2019-4-10
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Stadnik Mykola – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department " Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics " of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, email: stadnik1948@gmail.com ).
Hrytsun Aatolii -  PhD, Associate Professor, of the Department «Agroengineering and technical service» of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, email: avg287@ukr.net ).
Protsenko Dmytro   PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Electromechanical Automation Systems in Industry and Transportation, Vinnitsa National Technical University (Khmelnytske shose, Vinnytsia, 21021, Ukraine, e-mail: procenko.dp@vntu.edu.ua ).

Annotation

The paper proposes a method of tracking the livestock farm load schedule based on the determination of the required generation capacity depending on the actual load schedule. The use of this method allows the management of biogas power plants based on internal combustion engines, depending on changes in the load without power reserve for the time of possible displacement of technological operations. Unlike the power backup method, there is no additional power loss at the time of the reservation, the possible incorrect switches of electrical equipment that do not correspond to the normalized schedule are excluded, there is work in changing the order of operations and the order of switching on the equipment. The use of the method improves the energy efficiency of the biogas plant and also increases the reliability of the livestock farm's autonomous electricity supply system. The calculations of the use of this method for the cattle farm prove its energy efficiency in the conditions of autonomous electricity supply.
Developed approaches to tracking the load schedule of the livestock farm allow for the management of biogas power plants depending on changes in the magnitude of the load without power reserve for the time of possible displacement of technological operations. The use of the proposed method is especially relevant for autonomous power systems. The calculations of using this method for a cattle farm testify to its effectiveness, in particular for a small cattle farm with a herd of 60 valid cows, 11 dry and 29 heads of young animals kept in the winter-stall period, the total saving is 82.8 kW ∙ h day.

Keywords: livestock farm, load schedule, generator, biogas, autonomous electricity supply.

List of references

[1]    Hrabak, N. H. (2010). Problemy enerhozberezhennya v APK Ukrayiny ta shlyakhy yiyi rozvʺyazannya [Problems of energy saving in the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine and ways to solve it]. Ekolohiya. – Naukovi pratsi, 150, 83–89. [in Ukrainian]
[2]    Voytyuk, D. H., Synyavsʹkyy, O. Y, Savchenko, V. V. (2015). Vplyv yakosti elektrychnoyi enerhiyi na tekhnolohichni protsesy v tvarynnytstvi [Influence of electric power quality on technological processes in animal husbandry]. Enerhetyka ta avtomatyka, 3, 60–69. [in Ukrainian]
[3]    Kaletnik, H. M. (2010). Biopalyvo. Prodovolcha, enerhetychna ta ekonomichna bezpeka Ukrainy: Monohrafiia [Biofuels. Food, Energy and Economic Security of Ukraine: Monograph]. Kyiv: Khai-Tek Pres. [in Ukrainian].
[4]    Pleshkov, S. P. (2001). Zastosuvannya matematychnykh modeley elektrospozhyvannya silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkoho vyrobnytstva v systemakh avtomatychnoho kontrolyu ta upravlinnya [Application of mathematical models of agricultural electricity consumption in automatic control and control systems], Visnyk Kharkivsʹkoho derzhavnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu silʹsʹkoho hospodarstva, (6), 269–273, [in Ukrainian].
[5]    Rosen, V. P., Insekov, E. M., Kalinchik, I. V. (2013). Optymizatsiya protsesiv vyroblennya elektroenerhiyi kombinova-noyu elektroenerhetychnoyu systemoyu [Optimization of electricity generation processes by combined electric power system]. Enerhetyka, 1, 20-26, [in Ukrainian].
[6]    Manusov, V. Z. Byryukov, E. V. (2006). Kratkosrochnoe prohnozyrovanye élektrycheskoy nahruzky na osnove nechetkoy neyronnoy sety y ee sravnenye s druhymy metodamy [Short-term prediction of electrical load based on fuzzy neural network and its comparison with other methods], Yzvestyya Tomskoho polytekhnycheskoho unyversyteta, 2, 153–158. [in Russian].
[7]    Obukhov, S. G., Plotnikov, I. A. (2015). Éksperymentalʹnye yssledovanyya dyzelʹdheneratornoy ustanovky na peremennoy chastote vrashchenyya [Experimental studies of a diesel generator set at a variable speed], Yzvestyya Tomskoho polytekhnycheskoho unyversyteta. Ynzhynyrynh heoresursov, 6, 95–102, [in Russian].
[8]    Stadnik, M. I. (2018). Optymizatsiya vyroblenoho heneruyuchoho obladnannya avtonomnoho enerhopostachannya tvarynnytsʹkoyi fermy pry postiynomu biohazu [Optimization of the composition of the livestock farm's autonomous energy supply generating equipment using biogas], Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK, 2(101), 81–88. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" on its pages presents materials on the following issues:

• Machine use in crop production and in animal husbandry

• Technical service of mobile equipment

• Processes and equipment for processing and food productions

• Mechanical engineering and material processing

• Energy technology and alternative energy sources

• Transport and transport-technological processes and equipment

• Automation of technological processes

• Opinion of a young scientist

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI:

ISSN (print): 2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18.75 conv. print. sheet

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).