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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2(109)

Published: 2020.08.28
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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MODELING OF POTATO MILL SEPARATION PROCESSES IN A DRUM SEPARATOR

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2-3
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Hrushetskiy Sergiy – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and System Engineering Podilsky State Agrarian and Technical University (St. Shevchenko, 13, Kamianets-Podilsky, Khmelnytsky region, 32316, e-mail: g.sergiy.1969@gmail.com).
Yaropud Vitaliy – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of machinery and equipment for agricultural production of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (St. Soniachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: yaropud77@gmail.com).

Annotation

In order to successfully enter Ukraine into the western markets, it is necessary to ensure the competitiveness of its products, which is achieved through the complex mechanization of technological processes, reduction of labor costs, increase in yield and quality of the products obtained.
The most common method of mechanized harvesting of potatoes is the erosion of the tuber layer with its subsequent destruction and the separation of tubers from heap, which contains vegetable impurities, soil tubers and stones. The most difficult is the separation from the tubers of solid soil clumps and stones. Attempts have been made to overcome this problem by placing potatoes on well-sown sandy soils with the help of special agrotechnical techniques that reduce, to some extent, the number of tubers. However, such measures are local, not sufficiently reliable and significantly complicate technology. About 25% of the area occupied by potatoes is heavily clogged with stones, the size of which is close to the size of tubers, and about 40% of the planted potatoes are placed on soils prone to significant lumps.
Accordingly, the purpose of the study was to conduct a comparative analysis of technologies and machines for potato harvesting, to develop a model of the process of separation of potato pile in a drum separator.
The researches were carried out by technological and structural analysis of technologies and machines for potato harvesting. During the research, the methods of comparison and mathematical modeling of technological processes were used. The information base of the research was the works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists on technologies and machines for potato harvesting.
On the basis of the comparative analysis of technologies and machines for potato harvesting, the main processes affecting the agrotechnical indices of the harvesting technique have been identified, a model of the process of separation of potato pile in a drum separator has been developed, which includes the following basic processes: model of sifting of a through fraction of soil from the top layer of pile; heap mixing model; model of destruction of soil lumps on the separator; model kinematic analysis of potato pile in a drum separator; model of sifting of the passable soil fraction from the bottom layer of the pile; model of damage to tubers and other structural and kinematic parameters of the working bodies of the drum separator.

Keywords: model of separation process, potatoes, potato harvesting machinery, technology, separation process, drum separator, potato harvesting, separation, heap.

List of references

[1]     Hrushetskiy, S. M., Yaropud, V. M., Duganets, V. I., Duganets, V. I., Pryshliak, V. L. Kurylo, V. M. (2019). Research of constructive and regulatory parameters of the assembly working organs for the potato’s harvesting machines. INMATEH-Agricultural Engineering. Vol. 59. № 3. pp. 101-110. DOI: 10.35633/INMATEH-59-11. [in English].
[2]     Hrushetskiy, S. M., Rud, A. V., Semenyshyna, I. V., Medvedyev, YE. P. (2019).  The technological process pattern of potato root harvester [The technological process pattern of potato root harvester]. Zhurnal «Podilʹsʹkyy visnyk: silʹsʹke hospodarstvo, tekhnika, ekonomika». № 31. Kamʺyanetsʹ-Podilʹsʹkyy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37406/2706-9052-2019-2-7. [in English].
[3]     Hrushetskiy, S. N. (2019). Modelʹ tekhnolohycheskykh protsessov kartofeleuborochnykh mashyn [Model of technological processes of potato harvesting machines]. Tekhnycheskoe y kadrovoe obespechenye ynnovatsyonnykh tekhnolohyy v selʹskom khozyaystve: materyaly Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-praktycheskoy konferentsyy (24-25 oktyabrya 2019 hoda). V 2 ch.. Mynsk : BHATU. 2019. CH. 1. S. 125-127. [in Russian].
[4]     Hrushetskiy, S. M., Pidlisnyy, V. V. (2019). Analiz konstruktsiy ta rezulʹtaty doslidzhenʹ separatoriv kartoplyanoho vorokhu [Analysis of designs and research results of potato pile separators]. Suchasnyy rukh nauky: tezy dop. VI mizhnarodnoyi naukovo-praktychnoyi internet-konferentsiyi zhurnalu «WayScience». 4-5 kvitnya 2019. Dnipro. pp. 274-282. [in Ukrainian].
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[7]     Bonchik, V. S., Fedirko, P. P. (2015). Rezul'taty eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy geometricheskikh parametrov kartofel'noy gryadki pri rabote kartofeleuborochnykh mashin [The results of experimental studies of the geometric parameters of the potato beds during the work of potato harvesters]. MOTROL. Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture. Vol. 17. № 5. pp. 3-6. [in Russian].
[8]     Bulgakov, V., Nikolaenko, S., Adamchuk, V., Z. and Olt J. (2018). Theory of impact interaction between potato bodies and rebounding conveyor. Agronomy Research. 16(1). pp. 52-63. DOI: 10.15159/AR.18.037. https://doi.org/10.15159/AR.18.037. [in English].
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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).