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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4(111)

Published: 2020.12.18
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-4


Description:
The journal solves the problems of creation and improvement of machinery and technologies for agriculture: 131 - Applied Mechanics, 132 - Materials Science, 133 - Industrial Engineering, 141 - Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electromechanics, 208 - Agricultural Engineering.

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MODERNIZATION OF THE DESIGN OF THE MIXING AND FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR TRACTOR DIESELS FOR BIOFUEL OPERATION

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-4-16
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Victor Anisimov – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St, Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: anisimov@vsau.vin.ua).
Vadym Ryaboshapka – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St, Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: vadym@vsau.vin.ua.
Anatoliy Yelenych – assistant of the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St, Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: a.elenech@ukr.net).

Annotation

In diesel engines, the combustion process takes place over a very short period of time (0.001 s). As a result, complete and timely combustion of fuel and good use of the air available in the engine cylinders can be achieved only with very high-quality mixing. The use of biofuels in modern diesel engines causes a number of problems associated with changes in the parameters of fuel supply and mixing. All types of fuel have different characteristics: density, viscosity, lubricating properties, self-ignition temperature, compressibility and. in this regard, the laws of fuel supply: spraying, combustion, will be different.
The viscosity of biofuels is higher than that of diesel fuel. For this reason, its capacity through small holes in the nozzle of the nozzle (dh= 0.25...0.40 mm) lower than diesel fuel. Due to the small diameter of the holes in the nozzle nozzles and the increased viscosity of biofuels, the nozzle holes are quickly coked. At the same time, the shape and direction of the jet initially changes, and then the hole is completely coked and the fuel supply stops. Thus, for high-quality operation of the diesel engine on biofuels, it is necessary to modernize the design of the mixing and fuel supply system. This problem can be solved by using systems with separate combustion chambers, i.e. using vortex chamber mixing.
In the vortex chamber, 60-80% of the fuel burns, the pressure increases and the burning torches of the fuel flow at high speed into the main over-piston plane of the combustion chamber, where there is a significant supply of air that is not used during the combustion of the charge in this chamber. At the same time, oxygen from the air is well used, and the operation of the diesel engine becomes more efficient at relatively low values of the excess air coefficient at the nominal mode and less toxicity of exhaust gases than for single-chamber diesels.

Keywords: engine, mixing, fuel pump, biofuel

List of references

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[7]    Anisimov V. F., Ryaboshapka V. B. (2009). Opredeleniye kolichestva vozdukha neobkhodimogo dlya polnogo sgoraniya biotopliva v dizel'nom dvigatele. Vibratsiyi v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiyakh, 1(53), 84–88. [in Russian].
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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).