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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(110)

Published: 2020.10.30
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3


Description:
Тематика журналу: 131 - Прикладна механіка, 132 - Матеріалознавство, 133 - Галузеве машинобудування, 141 - Електроенергетика, електротехніка та електромеханіка, 208 - Агроінженерія.

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OPTIMIZATION OF PARAMETERS OF WORKING BODIES OF MACHINES FOR SUGAR BEET PRODUCTION

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3-9
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Kuril Vasiliy – Doctor of agricultural sciences, professor of the department of agroengineering and technical service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University, Corresponding Member of NAAS (3, Solnychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine,       e-mail: kurilo_v@ukr.net).
Pryshlyak Viktor – PhD, Аssociate professor of the department of agroengineering and technical service of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3, Solnyshchaya St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: viktor.prishlyak@i.ua).

Annotation

Existing technologies and modern technical means do not always provide the required quality of technological processes for growing sugar beets. Increasing requirements necessitate continuous improvement of existing and creation of new high-performance machines and units to ensure high-quality production technologies of sugar beet crops.
Improved technological processes for the production of sugar beet crops are described in the article. Such technological processes include: loosening the compacted topsoil and destruction of the soil crust before the emergence of sugar beet shoots, loosening the soil after emergence, feeding sugar beets with increased soil hardness and low moisture content, inter-row soil cultivation with hilling plants in lines.
As a result of research of technologies for inter-row processing of sugar beets in the system of crop care, the following ratio was established: the optimal depth and width of the strips for cutting the top layer of the soil, depending on the depth of placement of the sown seeds; the distance between the ribs of the roller, depending on the depth of cutting the soil; the maximum depth of soil loosening in the row zone and the row spacing zone, depending on the depth of sowing seeds and the placement of the root system of beets; the required depth of soil loosening in the aisles, depending on the specified optimal depth of application of mineral fertilizers in the aisles; the required distance from the conditional centerline of the beet rows to the zone of mineral fertilization in the aisles, etc.
The use of optimized technological processes makes it possible to create the necessary conditions for the growth and development of sugar beet plants on heavy-textured soils and after a significant amount of precipitation and an increase in soil density. In addition, the proposed innovative technologies ensure the preservation and even increase of soil moisture, reduction of sparseness and contamination of crops, as well as losses and damage to sugar beet roots during harvesting.
The research results can be used to improve and optimize zonal technologies and technical means for growing sugar beets in conditions of high density and insufficient soil moisture, as well as in the educational process in the preparation of future specialists from agricultural engineering for scientific project activities.

Keywords: beets, care, soil, cultivation, density, process.

List of references

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[2]    Zuev, M. M., Kurilo, V. L., Gumentik, M. Ya. (2001). Vplyv hustoty roslyn na ahrofizychni parametry koreneplodiv i yakistʹ zbyrannya [Influence of plant density on agro-physical parameters of root crops and quality of harvesting]. Sugar beet, 2 (20). 12–19. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    Chovnyuk, Yu. V., Pryshlyak, V.M., Shymko, L.S., Prykhodko, S.P. (2016). Optymizatsiya konstruktsiy tekhnichnykh system [Optimization of technical systems]. Nizhin. [in Ukrainian].
[4]    Kurilo, V. L. (2007). Sposib doskhodovoho obrobitku gruntu [Method of pre-emergence tillage]. Patent №23582, Ukraine, А01В79/00, Bull. №7. [in Ukrainian].
[5]    Kurilo, V. L. (2007). Sposib obrobitku gruntu pislya poyavy skhodiv [Method of tillage after emergence]. Patent № 25939, Ukraine, А01В79/00, Bull. № 13. [in Ukrainian].
[6]    Kurilo, V. L. (2007). Sposib pidzhyvlennya tsukrovykh buryakiv [Method of feeding sugar beets]. Patent № 28356, Ukraine, А01С21/00, Bull. № 20. [in Ukrainian].
[7]    Kurilo, V. L. (2008). Sposib vnesennya mineralʹnykh dobryv u mizhryaddya tsukrovykh buryakiv [Method of application of mineral fertilizers in the row spacing of sugar beets]. Patent № 29667, Ukraine, А01С21/00, Bull. № 2. [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Kurilo, V. L. (2007). Sposib mizhryadnoho obrobitku gruntu [Method of inter-row tillage]. Patent № 23581, Ukraine, А01В79/00, Bull. № 7. [in Ukrainian].
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[11]    Voytiuk, D. G., Dubrovin, V. O., Ishchenko T. D. and others. (2004). Silʹsʹkohospodarsʹki ta melioratyvni mashyny: Pidruchnyk [Agricultural and reclamation machines]. Kiev. [in Ukrainian].
[12]    Sinchenko, V. M. (2012). Upravlinnya formuvannyam produktyvnosti tsukrovykh buryakiv [Management of formation of productivity of sugar beets]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].
[13]    Kurylo, V., Pryshliak V. (2020). Justification of the method and device for treatment and sowing of sugar beets and the application of the results in preparation technologies. Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC, 2 (109). С. 42-47. DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-2-4. [in English].
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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).