OVERVIEW OF TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT FOR HAYME PROCESSING
Shargorodskiy Serhiy – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production" of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna str., Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Yanishevskiy Vasyliy – post-graduate student of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production" of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Sonyachna Street, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine.
Yalina Olga – post-graduate student of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production" of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Sonyachna Street, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine.
Fodder production is one of the most important sectors of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine, the pace and scientific and technical level of development of which largely determines the solution of the country's food problem, full satisfaction of the population's food needs.
A limiting factor for the development of this industry is the lack of efficient, easy-to-use and cheap equipment for collecting, raking, stirring, and pressing domestically produced hay, which would be able to compete with foreign analogues.
The publication is devoted to the development of a hydraulic drive of the working bodies of the rake of a thief. The analysis of the designs of the existing machines for raking hay into rolls is carried out. A characteristic feature of these machines is the presence of specialized working bodies and the need to ensure a given frequency of their rotation.
The proposed hydraulic scheme for the drive of the working bodies. The hydraulic drive consists of a variable displacement pumping station, a hydraulic flow divider and two hydraulic motors. The use of this drive allows to simplify the layout of the machine and provide an efficient drive in compliance with all process requirements. In addition, the use of a hydraulic drive allows you to increase the number of working bodies, thereby increasing the width of the rake - hackers. The introduction of these changes in the design of this unit will allow to reduce the number of passes of the rake-hacker and pick-up press across the field, thereby ensuring fuel economy. As the review of literary sources shows, the issues of collecting and storing hay are relevant not only for our country, but also for other European countries. The designs of domestic rakes - hackers are morally obsolete, do not meet modern agrotechnical requirements, have a small working width and require frequent repair and maintenance.
Based on the results of the analysis of the designs of the drives of the working bodies of the rake - hackers, a hydraulic scheme for the drive of the working bodies was proposed. A feature of this hydraulic drive is the presence of a throttle flow distributor with the possibility of smooth flow control.
 Diduh, V. F. (2000). Perevagi sushinnya nasinnyevih materialiv metodom protitechiyi [Advantages of drying of seed materials by a countercurrent method]: Silskogospodarski mashini. Zb. nauk. prac. Vip. 6. - Luck: RVV LDTU. - p.59-63. [in Ukrainian]
 Petrichenko, V. F., Orlov, I. P., Nikolayeva, D. I., Borovikova, E. I. (2003). Virobnictvo, zberigannya i vikoristannya kormiv [Production, storage and use of feed]. [in Ukrainian].
 Kravchuk, V. I., Lucenko, M. M., Mechta, M. P. (2008). Progresivni tehnologiyi zagotivli, prigotuvannya i rozdavannya kormiv: Naukovo-praktichnij posibnik [Advanced technologies of procurement, preparation and distribution of feed]. K. : Feniks [in Ukrainian].
 Osobov, V. I. (2009). Mehanicheskaya tehnologiya kormov [Mechanical feed technology] [in Ukrainian].
 Katalog mashin dlya pakuvannya sinazhu [Catalog of machines for packing haylage]. https://agroserver.ru/b/pritsepnoy-obmotchik-rulonov-ariadna-z-281-1-sipma-polsha-521157.htm [in Russian]
 Spirin, A. V., Tverdohlib, I. V. (2016). Perspektivna tehnologiya zbirannya nasinnikiv trav [Promising technology for harvesting grass seeds], №1 (93). – p. 25 - 27, Tehnika, energetika, transport APK. [in Ukrainian]
 Vojtyuk, D. G., Yacun, S. S., Dovzhik, M. Y. (2008). Silskogospodarski mashini: osnovi teoriyi ta rozrahunku: navchalnij posibnik [Agricultural machinery: basics of theory and calculation] – Sumi: VTD «Universitetska kniga» [in Ukrainian].
 Rutkevich, V. S. (2017) Adaptivnij gidravlichnij privod blochno-porcijnogo vidokremlyuvacha konservovanogo kormu [Adaptive hydraulic drive of the block-portion separator of canned food], N4(99), p. 108-113, Tehnika, energetika, transport APK. [in Ukrainian]
 Lyubin, M. V., Tokarchuk, O. A., Yaropud, V. M. (2019) Gidrotransport v galuzyah agropromislovogo virobnictva [Hydraulic transport in the fields of agro-industrial production], p. 61-63, Tehnichnij progres u tvarinnictvi ta kormovirobnictvi: VII Vseukrayin. nauk.-tehn. konf.,(smt Glevaha Kiyivskoyi oblasti-Kiyiv. Ukrayina, 5-28 grud. 2018 r).-Glevaha-Kiyiv [in Ukrainian].
131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)
Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).