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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3(110)

Published: 2020.10.30
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3


Description:
Тематика журналу: 131 - Прикладна механіка, 132 - Матеріалознавство, 133 - Галузеве машинобудування, 141 - Електроенергетика, електротехніка та електромеханіка, 208 - Агроінженерія.

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RESEARCH OF CONSTRUCTIVE-TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF WORKING BODY FOR SCATTERING BULK MATERIALS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-3-10
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Ponomarenko Nataliya Oleksandrivna – candidate of technical sciences, assistant professor of the department of expiuatation machinery-tractor park of Dnipro national agrarian-economic university (St. S.Efremova, 25, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49000, e-mail: nanagieva@ukr.net )
Yaropud Vitalii Mykolaiovych – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of machinery and equipment for agricultural production of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (street Sonyachna, 3, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine+380978399834, yaropud77@gmail.com , http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0502-1356)
Lepet Yevhen Ivanovych – Assistant of the Department of Tractors and Agricultural Machines of Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University (Serhiy Yefremov St., 25, Dnipro, Ukraine, 49000, e-mail: lepet@ukr.net)

Annotation

Machines used in world practice for surface application of mineral fertilizers are often equipped with centrifugal devices with vertical or horizontal location of the axis of rotation. Having high productivity and reliability of technological process, they cannot always provide reception of a necessary dose and uniformity of scattering of fertilizers on width.
In Ukraine, currently produced machines for the application of mineral fertilizers, which we have not previously produced. Since about 2/3 of all available mineral fertilizers, as well as most of the limestone and gypsum-containing materials are applied in a continuous manner, it is necessary to have a certain fleet of machines for applying fertilizers available to consumers. Fertilizer application in a continuous manner is carried out by land and aviation.
One of the main agrotechnical requirements for machines for the application of bulk materials (mineral fertilizers) is their uniform distribution on the field surface. From uneven application of fertilizers, the reduction in grain yield reaches 10 ... 15%.
The main disadvantages of the machine for applying mineral fertilizers are: imperfect design of the spreading mechanism, which leads to uneven scattering of fertilizers on the field surface; a large number of gears, which affects the metal content and cost of manufacture and complicates the design.
Chain transmissions that drive the spreading device and the conveyor (during operation the chain is stretched, which requires the use of tension rollers, and take-off from the sprockets, especially on the drive of the spreading device); significant uneven application of fertilizers due to imperfect design of the spreading disc.
The main reason for the low quality of fertilizer distribution by scattering machines, most researchers see a significant impact on the technological process of external random factors: field relief, wind speed and direction, humidity, elastic, frictional, hygroscopic and particle size distribution of fertilizers. Therefore, the improvement of the technological process of fertilizer scattering, in order to ensure a given uniformity of their distribution on the field surface in the conditions of real functioning, is an urgent scientific and practical task. In order to eliminate these shortcomings, a new spreading working body is proposed.

Keywords: mineral fertilizers, centrifugal spreader, reference sample, disk with blades, tangent to the radius of the disk.

List of references

[1]     Adamchuk, V. V. (2006). Mekhaniko-tekhnolohichni i tekhnichni osnovy pidvyshchennya efektyvnosti vnesennya tverdykh mineralʹnykh dobryv ta khimmeliorantiv [Mechanical-technological and technical bases of increase of efficiency of introduction of firm mineral fertilizers and chemical ameliorants]. Author's abstract. dis. dock. tech. Science: 05.05.11. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].
[2]     Kobets, A. S., Naumenko, M. M., Ponomarenko, N. O. (2013). Obhruntuvannya konstruktsiyi chotyrylopatevoho vidtsentrovoho rozkydacha mineralʹnykh dobryv [Substantiation of the design of a four-bladed centrifugal spreader of mineral fertilizers]. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian University, 65-67. [In Ukrainian].
[3]     Kravchuk, V. I., Gritsiginna, M. I., Kovalya, S. M. (2004). Suchasni tendentsiyi rozvytku konstruktsiyi s/h tekhniky [Modern trends in the development of agricultural machinery]. Agrarian Science. [In Ukrainian].
[4]     Aliev, E., Bandura, V., Pryshliak, V., Yaropud, V., Trukhanska, O. (2018). Modeling of mechanical and technological processes of the agricultural [Modeling of mechanical and technological processes of the agricultural]. INMATEH - Agricultural Engineering. vol. 54, no.1, 95–104. [In English].
[5]     Ponomarenko, N. O., Yaropud, V. M., Zozulyak О. V. (2016). Pryyomy lokalʹnoho vnesennya dobryv [Methods of local application of fertilizers]. All-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology". 3 (83), 59–62. [In Ukrainian].
[6]     Kobets, A. S., Naumenko, M. M., Ponomarenko, N. O., Yaropud, V. M., (2017). Do pytannya stvorennya mashyny dlya vnesennya mineralʹnykh dobryv [To the question of creating a machine for applying mineral fertilizers]. All-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology". Vol. 1 (84), 64–67. [In Ukrainian].
[7]     Kobets, A. S., Ponomarenko, N. A., Kobets, O. M., Tesliuk, H. V., Kharytonov, M. M., Yaropud, V. M. (2019). Study of fertilizer spreader centrifugal type under field conditions [Study of fertilizer spreader centrifugal type under field conditions]. INMATEH - Agricultural Engineering. vol. 57, no.1, 253–260. [In English].
[8]     Ponomarenko, N. O. (2014). Obgruntuvannya parametriv vidtsentrovoho robochoho orhanu mashyny dlya vnesennya mineralʹnykh dobryv [Substantiation of parameters of centrifugal working body of the machine for application of mineral fertilizers]. Author's ref. dis...cand. tech. Sciences: 05.05.11. Melitopol, [In Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).