RESEARCH OF THE PROCESS OF LOW TEMPERATURE CONCENTRATION OF FOOD RAW MATERIALS FOR ZEFIR MANUFACTURE
Yurii Polievoda – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of technological processes and equipment for processing and food production, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Sonyachna st., 3, Vinnitsia, 21008, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2485-0611).
Alla Solomon – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of food technology and microbiology of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Sonyachna st., 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: Soloalla78@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2982-302Х).
Mariana Bondar – assistant, department of food technologies and microbiology, Vinnitsia National Agrarian University (Sonyachna st., 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: email@example.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8154-0612).
The article investigated the recipe composition and method of low-temperature concentration of fruit and vegetable puree with the content of components: 20% apple, 20% pumpkin, 15% beet, 15% cranberry, 15% hawthorn. Concentration of puree is carried out in a rotary evaporator to a dry matter content of 50% at a temperature of 50… 56 ° C under vacuum. At the same time, the processing time was reduced by 1… 2 min, which is many times less compared to traditional single-hull vacuum evaporators (60… 90 min). Reducing the temperature effect of concentration helps to increase the organoleptic and physicochemical parameters of the resulting paste. To establish the effect of the contribution of each component on the structure of the paste, the structural and mechanical properties of the puree of each raw material and concentrated semi-finished products were studied. The developed paste has increased strength of the structure with a value of dynamic viscosity - 394 Pa ∙ s, which is 2.5 times more than the control sample. The developed blended fruit and vegetable paste has an increased content of physiological and functional ingredients and the best organoleptic characteristics in contrast to the control version (apple paste).
It is established that partial replacement of apple puree (up to 75%) in the prescription composition of marshmallows with the developed multi-component fruit and vegetable paste gives the product original properties. An increase in the value of the dynamic viscosity of marshmallows with a content of 75% replacement of apple puree with the developed paste compared to the control sample (marshmallows without additives) from 408 Pa ∙ s to 908 Pa ∙ s. The color of the marshmallow mass with 75% replacement of apple puree is bright pink with a wavelength of 596.7 nm and a brightness of 62.3%. The obtained data allow to improve the quality of original marshmallows by adding fruit and vegetable semi-finished products with increased functional properties.
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 Huts, V. S., Polievoda, Yu. A., Koval, O. A. (2011). Vyznachennia strukturno-mekhanichnykh kharakterystyk v‘iazkisnykh dyspersnykh system. [Determination of structural and mechanical characteristics of viscous disperse systems]. Zhurnal «Upakovka». Natsionalnyi universytet kharchovykh tekhnolohii. 1. 46–47. Kіev [in Ukrainian].
 Solomon, A. M., Polievoda, Yu. A. (2020). Obhruntuvannia skladu fermentovanykh produktiv z vykorystanniam roslynnykh napovniuvachiv. [Substantiation of the composition of fermented products using vegetable fillers]. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK. 3 (110). 126–134. [in Ukrainian].
 Vlasenko, V. V., Solomon, A. N., Krizhak L. N. (2013). Razrabotka tekhnolohyi kyslomolochnikh produktov s yspolzovanyem rastytelnikh napolnytelei. [Priming the warehouse of fermented products with vicarious growing plants]. Yzvestyia visshykh uchebnikh zavedenyi. Pyshchevaia tekhnolohyia. 5 (6). 38–42. [in Russian].
 Vlasenko, V. V., Bondar, M. M., Semko, T. V., Solomon, A. M. (2016). Funktsionalni kharchovi produkty z napovniuvachamy. [Functional food products with fillers]. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK. 3 (95). 106–109. [in Ukrainian].
131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
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Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).