SIMULATION OF THE MIXING PROCESS OF DIESEL AND BIOFUELS
Irina Gunko – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Solnechnaya St., 3, Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5470-7413)
The viscosity of a fuel depends on its hydrocarbon composition. Vegetable oil is considered an alternative to diesel fuel. Its high viscosity makes it difficult to consider as a commercial diesel fuel. Vegetable oil is lipids, fatty acid esters. They have a high calorific value and contain straight hydrocarbon chains, resulting in their relatively high cetane number. Viscosity and density determine the evaporation and mixing process in an engine, as they affect the shape and type of the fuel flame, the size of the droplets formed, and how they enter the combustion chamber. Low density and viscosity provide better fuel injection; with an increase in the diameter of the droplet, its complete combustion decreases, therefore, the specific fuel consumption increases and the smoke of the exhaust gases increases.
The viscosity of the fuel affects the pump flow and fuel leakage through the piston pair clearance. As the viscosity decreases, the amount of diesel fuel leaks between the plunger and bushing increases, resulting in a decrease in pump flow. Converting the engine to a fuel with a lower density and viscosity will result in burnout of the piston head, so the fuel equipment needs to be adjusted. Plunger wear is viscosity dependent. It fuel is in the range of 1.8-7.0 mm2/s, which practically does not affect the durability of modern high-speed diesel equipment.
Consider using vegetable rapeseed oil as an alternative to diesel fuel. Its viscosity can be reduced by chemically converting esterification to ethyl esters. When the cheese rapeseed oil is heated to 80 °C, it will give a viscosity value similar to that of commercial diesel. The mixing system will have an operating power equivalent to that of a diesel engine when heated to 40-50 °C.
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 Gunko, I.V., Burlaka, S.A., Yelenych, A.P. (2018). Otsinka ekolohichnosti naftovoho palyva ta biopalyva z vykorystannyam metodolohiyi povnoho zhyttyevoho tsyklu. Visnyk Khmelʹnytsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho universytetu. 2. 6(267). 246–249. [In Ukrainian].
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131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)
Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).