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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

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STRIP SEEDING OF GRASS IN MEADOWS

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-1
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Sereda Leonid PhD, Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: leonidsereda@vsau.vin.ua).

Shvets LudmilaPhD, Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail:  shlv0505@i.ua).

 

Trukhanska Elena PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Technical Service Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (str. Sonyachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: seaswallow@ukr.net).
Annotation

For the successful development of animal husbandry in Ukraine, it is necessary to increase the area of pastures for which it is necessary to lend some of the arable land and re-plant some of the existing pastures, creating cultural pastures with a productivity of 60-80 c. fodder units per hectare.

For rejuvenation of existing grasslands, the technology of direct sowing with minimal tillage is increasingly used. These technologies include operations to suppress existing grasses and sow the seeds of valuable fodder grasses into grooves specially prepared in the turf.

Domestic and foreign experience shows that sowing herbs in pre-treated strips is more effective than traditional methods. The traditional technology of re-insulation of such bows is associated with considerable energy and labor costs and is also erosion-hazardous in areas with a slope angle exceeding 3%. Therefore, for such areas it is necessary to use re-salting technology without completely destroying the turf and to use special seeders of different designs, which perform in one pass the strip tillage, sowing of grass seeds and sealing. Therefore, this method of redevelopment is highly productive and therefore promising in Ukraine.

The idea of sowing grass seeds in a cultivated strip of soil in the turf is the basis of the technology of direct accelerated grassland re-grassing. The cultivated strip of soil must meet the agrotechnical requirements for the quality of cultivation in growing grasses.

The implementation of the proposed technology of direct strip sowing of grasses in the existing herbage is possible only in the presence of perfect working bodies. Foreign and domestic seeders intended for direct sowing of herbs in the turf do not fully meet the agrotechnical requirements for the quality of processing of the turf strip, so the technology of direct sowing with a developed, active working body in the form of a cutter is proposed.



Keywords: strip tillage, pastures, meadows.

List of references

[1]         Marchenko, О., Tekushev, A. (2019). Prospective technologies, types and calculation of the technical means for the production of forages in arid regions of the country. Ama-Agricultural mechanization in Asia Africa and Latin America, 1(50), 90–93. [in English].

[2]         URL: http://www.rusnauka.com/17_APSN_2009/Agricole/47496.doc.htm.

[3]         Sereda, L, (2019) Technology STRIP-TILL in crop production. Prospects for Implementation in Ukraine. Bulletin of the Black Sea Agrarian Science "Ukrainian Black Sea region agrarian science", Issue 4. [in Ukrainian].

[4]         URL: https://agroserver.ru/b/shirokozakhvatnyy-posevnoy-kompleks-agro-soyuz-turbosem-ii-198902.htm

[5]         URL: https://agroserver.ru/b/zernovaya-seyalka-agro-soyuz-md-19-198907.htm

[6]         URL: https://www.albion.biz.ua/shop/mehanicheskie-seyalki-tochnogo-vyiseva/mehanichna-sivalka-tochnogo-visivu-great-plains-pd-8070/

[7]         Shvets, L, Paladiychuk, Y., Trukhanska, O. (2019). Technical service in agrarian and industrial complex. Volume I. Tutorial. Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. [in Ukrainian].

[8]         Sereda, L. P., Trukhanska, O. O., Shvets, L. V. (2019). Development and research of a soil-tillage machine for strip-till technology with active milling working bodies. All-Ukrainian Journal of Vibration in Engineering and Technology Vinnitsa, VNAU, 4(95), 90–93. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).