logo

Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(108)

Published: 2020.08.27
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1


Description:
В журналі вирішуються проблеми створення та удосконалення техніки та технологій для сільського господарства, харчових та переробних виробництв, машинобудування, енергетики та транспорту.

Read about journal

SUBSTANTIATION OF PARAMETERS FOR REDUCING THE TOXICITY OF EXHAUST GASES OF THE DIESEL ENGINE

DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168-2020-1-6
PDF Повернутись

Yuriy Paladiychuk – Candidate of Science (Engineering), Associate Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and Technical Service of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Soniachna St., Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: rewet@vsau.vin.ua).

Inna Telyatnuk – 4th year student of specialty 208 of Agroengineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnychna st., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: inna201098@gmail.com) .

Annotation

Annual emissions of more than 6 million tons of pollutants and carbon dioxide into Ukraine. Mostly polluting industrial enterprises. However, with the increase in the number of cars on the roads, the number of harmful emissions into the atmosphere has increased. Over the past few years, the amount of exhaust gas entering the air in major cities has increased by 50-70%. More than half of the pollutants are emitted by private cars: in 2019, 1.7 million tonnes of harmful substances fell on them, while the total amount of all car emissions was 2.3 million tonnes.

This article highlights the problem of environmental pollution by the exhaust gases of diesel internal combustion engines. Ways to improve environmental performance are presented. The composition of the exhaust gases and their effects on the environment are analyzed. The standards of Euro - 1 Euro - 6, on the reduction of harmful substances in diesel fuel are considered. The modern environmental standards of Stage and Tier and the regulation of smoke by standards are given. A formula for the determination of harmful substances in the exhaust gases of cars and a formula for the determination of the smoke of gases are proposed. The ways of neutralizing the toxicity of the exhaust gases with the help of neutralizers and the reduction of soot by means of the diesel particulate filter are considered. Common Rail DRNR systems, EGR and Selective Neutralization (SCR) systems using Adblu reagent, its advantages and disadvantages are described. The comparative characteristics of EGR and SCR systems are presented.

Gasoline engines are not considered in this article.

Keywords: diesel, internal combustion engine, smoke, toxicity standards, catalysts, catalysts, carbon dioxide, exhaust gas recirculation system, selective catalytic neutralization system.

List of references
[1]         Anisimov, V. F., Pryshlyak, V. M., Pyasetsky, A. A., Burlak, S. A. (2013). Experimental study of the exhaust gases of diesel engines. Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Avg. Engineering sciences. 12. Retrieved from: http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/pdf [in Ukrainian].
[2]         Bilichenko, V. V., Melnyk, M. E., Vakarenko, S. V. (2012).  Prospects for the development of gas-diesel engines. Bulletin of the Donetsk Academy of Road Transport. of sciences. 4. 42-48. [in Ukrainian]
[3]         Exhaust Gas: Website. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/ [in Ukrainian].
[4]         EU standards for flue gas toxicity. Retrieved from: https://ppt-online.org/153845 [in Ukrainian].
[5]         Beshun, O.  A.  Modern and promising environmental standards for forestry and agricultural mobile vehicle diesel engines and the technologies that enable them to be met. Scientific Bulletin: TDATU. 5(2). Retrieved from: http://nauka.tsatu.edu.ua/e-journals-tdatu/pdf2t5/12boatte.pdf [in Ukrainian].
[6]         Standards and methods for measuring the exhaust fumes of cars with diesel or gas diesel engines. (2005). DSTU 4276: 2004 from 01th July 2005. Kyiv: Derzhstandart Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
[7]         Redzuk, A. M. 2008, Checking the technical condition of wheeled vehicles. Norms of the international treaties of Ukraine and the law of the European Union. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
[8]         Study materials online. Ways to reduce flue gas toxicity. Retrieved from: https://pidruchniki.com/ [in Ukrainian].
[9]         Study materials online. Ways to reduce road transport emissions. Retrieved from: https://pidruchniki.com/ [in Ukrainian].
[10]      Soot filter (DPF). SCR System. Retrieved from: https://topik.ru/ [in Ukrainian].
[11]      Euro environmental standards. Retrieved from: https://propozitsiya.com/ ekologichni-normi-ievro [in Ukrainian].
[12]      What is a SCR system and what is it for. Retrieved from: https://m-standard.by/novosti/chto-takoe-scr-sistema-i-dlia-chego-ona-neobhodima [in Ukrainian].
All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

131 - Applied Mechanics

132 - Materials Science

133 - Industry engineering

141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics

208 - Agricultural engineering

The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences

(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI: 10.37128/2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).