TRENDS OF DIVERSIFICATION OF POWER CARRIERS OF MACHINE UNITS
Irina Gunko – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of General Technical Disciplines and Labor Protection, Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (Solnechnaya St., 3, Vinnitsa, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2441-9469).
From the point of view of environmental protection, the development of vehicles and their drives is determined in the future by the constant tightening of exhaust gas requirements. In addition, measures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions are increasingly influencing the concept of vehicle and drive optimization.
Since most of the world's energy consumption is taken by transport, mainly cars, manufacturers are often faced with the need to develop and implement new, increasingly energy efficient and environmentally friendly energy methods - for example, the use of unconventional fuels, including: alcohol fuels (ethanol and methanol), biodiesel, Fischer's fluid -Tropsch, hydrogen fuel. So, the long-term guaranteed supply of transport energy, together with sound fuel management, ensures the medium and long-term diversification of energy for its production, especially, including alternative and renewable energy.
Much has happened over the past decade, although policy goals remain unchanged for many countries improving energy security and limiting greenhouse gas emissions may be more important than ever. And, unprecedentedly, energy use in transportation is at the heart of these issues. New methods are needed to free transport from its persistent dependence on oil and take a new path. But technology has made interesting progress, and this progress will continue in the coming years, creating new opportunities to achieve these goals. Unsurprisingly, interest in biofuels and their production has skyrocketed over the past decade. Global production of total ethanol doubled between 1990 and 2021. In some regions, especially in Europe, the use of biofuels for diesel engines has also increased significantly in recent years. Perhaps most importantly, countries around the world are now seriously considering increasing the production and use of biofuels, and many countries have formulated policies to ensure this growth.
 Kaletnik, H.M. (2010). Biopalyva: efektyvnistʹ yikh vyrobnytstva ta spozhyvannya v APK Ukrayiny: navch. posibnyk. K: Ahrarna nauka, 327 p. [in Ukrainian]
 Semenov, V.H. (2008). Ukrayina bez nafty: stan i perspektyvy rozvytku vyrobnytstva ta zastosuvannya ekolohichno chystoho biodyzelʹnoho palyva. Nauka ta innovatsiyi. Kharkiv: NTU, 4(1). 81–86. [in Ukrainian]
 Kaletnik, H. M. (2018). Dyversyfikatsiya rozvytku vyrobnytstva biopalyv –osnova zabezpechennya prodovolʹchoyi, enerhetychnoyi, ekonomichnoyi ta ekolohichnoyi bezpeky Ukrayiny. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky, 11. 169–176. [in Ukrainian]
 Hunʹko, I.V., Burlaka, S.A., Yelenych, A.P. (2018). Otsinka ekolohichnosti naftovoho palyva ta biopalyva z vykorystannyam metodolohiyi povnoho zhyttyevoho tsyklu. Visnyk Khmelʹnytsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho universytetu, 2. 6(267). 246–249. [in Ukrainian]
 Kaletnik, H. M. Rozvytok rynku biopalyv v Ukrayini: monohrafiya. Kyyiv: Ahrarna nauka, 2008. [in Ukrainian]
 British Petroleum. Statistical Review of World Energy. Approximate conversion factors. URL: https://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/bussiness-sites/en/global/corporate/pdfs/ energy-economics/statistical-review/bp-stats-review-2019-approximate-conversion-factors.pdf (data zvernennya 12.09.2018). [in English]
 Gunko, I.V., Halushchak, O.O. Burlaka, S.A. (2018). Vyznachennya faktoriv vplyvu biopalyva na hlobalʹni zminy klimatu. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APC, 3(102). 90–97. [in Ukrainian]
 Biodyzelʹne palyvo. Zahalʹna kharakterystyka biodyzelʹnoho palyva. URL: https://pidru4niki.com/72999/ekologiya/biodizelne_palivo (data zvernennya 10.07.2019) [in Ukrainian]
 Mahmudul, H.M., Hagos, F.Y., Mamat, R., Adam, A.A., Ishak, W.F.W., Alenezi, R. (2017). Production characterization and performance of biodiesel as analternative fuel in diesel engines – A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy. Reviews, 72. 497–509. [in English]
 Kaletnik, H.M., Klymchuk, O.V. (2013). Ekolohichna enerhetyka – osnova rozvytku ekonomiky derzhavy. Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannya. Naukovo-praktychnyy zhurnal, 2-3. 14–17. [in Ukrainian]
 Burlaka, S.A., Yavdyk, V.V., Yelenych, A.P. (2019). Metody doslidzhenʹ ta sposoby otsinky vplyvu palyv z vidnovlyuvanykh resursiv na robotu dyzelʹnoho dvyhuna. Visnyk Khmelʹnytsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho universytetu, 2(271). 212–220. [in Ukrainian]
 Semenov, V. (2007). Biodyzelʹne palyvo dlya Ukrayiny. Visnyk Natsionalʹnoyi akademiyi nauk Ukrayiny, 4. 18–22. [in Ukrainian]
 Murugesan, A., Subramanian, R., Nedunchezhian, N. (2009). Biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Renew sust energy rev. 653–662. [in English]
131 - Applied Mechanics
132 - Materials Science
133 - Industry engineering
141 - Power engineering, electrical engineering and electromechanics
208 - Agricultural engineering
The magazine "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on technical sciences
(Category "Б", Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 02.07.2020 №886)
Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Editor-in-chief: Oleksii Tokarchuk - Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Natalia Veselovska - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Executive Secretary: Yuriy Polevoda- Ph.D., Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the Editorial Board:
Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)
Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Hraniak V.F. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Ivanchuk Y.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Kupchuk I.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Sevostianov I.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Spirin A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tverdokhlib I.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan A.V. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Yaropud V.M. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Type of publication: journal
Kind of publication: scientific
Publication status: domestic
Year of foundation: 1997
Periodicity: 4 times per year
Volume: 18-20 conv. print. sheet (А4)
ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)
Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.
The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.
The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".
Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.
It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.
In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).
Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).