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Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2(101)

Published: 1970.01.01
DOI: XX.XXXXX/XXXXXXXXXXXXX


Description:
The journal addresses the problems of creating and improving machinery and technologies for agriculture, food and processing industries, mechanical engineering, energy and transport.

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INVESTIGATION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LIQUID SUBSTANCES IN GROUND

DOI: XX.XXXXX/XXXXXXXXXXXXX
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MazurViktor – PhD, Associate Professor, Rector of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Growing, Breeding and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St., Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: mazur@vsau.vin.ua).
Gunko Iryna – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Internal Combustion Engines and Alternative Fuel Resources, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sunny St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: irynagunko@vsau.vin.ua).
Babyn Ihor – Assistant of the Department Agricultural Machinery of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnyshchaya str., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: babyn@vsau.vin.ua).


Annotation

The main disadvantages of technical equipment for surface soil cultivation, to which it is peculiar: incomplete covering of crushed plant residues in the soil; complexity of design and low technological reliability; high metal content, that leads to increased pressure on the soil, increasing its sealing; the impossibility of providing environmentally friendly technology of soil cultivation are considered in the article. The perspective way of improvement of existing combined units is the reduction of energy costs for the implementation of the technological process and the number of passes, reducing the metal content of their structures, increasing their productivity, providing the necessary cultivation without harmful effects on the ecology.
The construction of a working body, consisting of a cultivator paw and a dipping device (soil digger), which combine in one technological operation: weed destruction, loosening of soil and application of ammonia water is proposed. The effect of forces on the soil digger is theoretically studied. According to the results of laboratory and field research, it is established that a small resistance of a soil digger is achieved by reducing the angles of inclination of the cutting edge and collapse of the lateral surfaces of the working body. Vertical stability of the working body is achieved by reducing the angle of inclination of the cutting edge, and transversal-horizontal – by increasing the angle of collapse of the sidewalls. It is established that increasing the speed of the soil tillage unit, as well as the depth of laying ammonia water, its traction resistance increases. Traction resistance of the proposed working body in comparison with the traction resistance of a universal stalk paw decreases when ammonia water is applied. According to the results of researches, it is determined that the studied working bodies correspond to agro technical requirements, and deviations in the depth of soil cultivation depend on its physical and mechanical properties, however, with the increase in the speed of the unit movement, the deviation in the depth of soil cultivation changes.
It is also established that when applying ammonia water by the research working body is provided qualitative its seals in the soil, the quality of cultivation improves, clumbs are not formed on the surface, which leads to rapid drying of the soil, weeds are destroyed in accordance with the agronomic requirements, and clogging of working bodies with plant remains is reduced. The combination of operations of ammonia water application and cultivation allows to carry out technological operations in the production of agricultural crops with lower costs and in the shortest time.

Keywords: ammonia water, cultivator paw, soil digger, working body, unit, soil, cutting edge.

List of references

[1]    Sukhyna, A. Yak pereobladnaty pidzhyvlyuvach abo sekrety rozumnoyi ekonomiyi. Holovnyy zhurnal po pytannyam ahrobiznesu. [How to rebuild a feeder or secrets of a reasonable economy]. The main magazine on agribusiness. Retrieved from http://propozitsiya.com/kak-pereoborudovat-podkormshchik-ili- cekrety-umnoy-ekonomii. [in Ukrainian].
[2]    Siryy, V.N. (2008). Osoblyvosti vykorystannya amiachnoyi vody [Features of ammonia water use]. Ahrarna tekhnika ta obladnannya. [in Ukrainian].
[3]    P. M. Zayika. (2001). Teoriya silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkykh mashyn [The theory of agricultural machines]. Kharkiv : Eye [in Ukrainian].
[4]    Kobetsʹ, A.S., Volyk, B.A. & Puhach, A.M. (2011). Gruntoobrobni mashyny: teoriya, konstruktsiya, rozrakhunok: monohrafiya [Soil-working machines: theory, design, calculation: monograph]. Dnipropetrovsk : Svidler [in Ukrainian].
[5]    Kobets, A.S., Ishchenko T.D., Volyk, B.A. & Demydov, O. A. (2009). Mekhaniko-tekhnolohichni vlastyvosti silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkykh materialiv: navch. Posibnyk [Mechanical and technological properties of agricultural materials: teaching. Manual]. Dnipropetrovsk : RVVDDAU [in Ukrainian].
[6]    Kramarʹov, S.M., Shevchenko, M.S. & Shevchenko, V.M. (2000). Pozakoreneve pidzhyvlennya posiviv hibrydiv kukurudzy riznykh hrup styhlosti [Extracorporeal fertilization of crops of maize hybrids of different groups of maturation] (№ 12-13). Dnipropetrovsk : Byul. In-tu zern. hosp-va UAAN [in Ukrainian].
[7]    Balyuka, S.A. & Lisovoho, M.V. (2009). Kontseptsiya ahrokhimichnoho zabezpechennya zemlerobstva Ukrayiny na period do 2015 roku [The Concept of agro-chemical provision of agriculture of Ukraine for the period up to 2015]. Kharkiv : Misʹkdruk [in Ukrainian].
[8]    Kravchuk, V.I., Hrytsyhinna, M.I. & Koval, S.M. (2004). Suchasni tendentsiyi rozvytku konstruktsiyi s.-h. tekhniky [Contemporary trends in the development of the construction of the village of .g. Technique]. Kiev : Ahrarna nauka [in Ukrainian].
[9]    Dospekhov, B.A. (1979). Metodika opytnogo dela [Technique of an Experimental Case]. Moscow: Kolos [in Russian].
[10]    Gilis, M.B. (1975). Ratsional'nyye sposoby vneseniya udobreniy [Rational methods of fertilizer application]. Moscow: Kolos [in Russian].
[12]    Yanovych, V.P, Drukovaniy, M. F.,Sosnovska, L.V. (2017). Rozrobka vibracijnogo dezintegratora dlya vy`robny`cztva biologichno akty`vny`x dobavok organichny`x dobry`v [Development of vibration disintegrator for the production of biologically active additives of organic fertilizers] Vseukrayins`ky`j naukovo-texnichny`j zhurnal. Texnika, energety`ka, transport APK - ll-Ukrainian Scientific and Technical Journal. Engineering, power engineering, transport of agroindustrial complexes, 1(96), (56-59) [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" on its pages presents materials on the following issues:

• Machine use in crop production and in animal husbandry

• Technical service of mobile equipment

• Processes and equipment for processing and food productions

• Mechanical engineering and material processing

• Energy technology and alternative energy sources

• Transport and transport-technological processes and equipment

• Automation of technological processes

• Opinion of a young scientist

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2520-6168
DOI:

ISSN (print): 2520-6168

Certificate of state registration of mass media: No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016.

Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Editor-in-chief: Tokarchuk Olexiy A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Veselovska Nataliia R.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Prof., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Executive Secretary: Polevoda Yuri A.

Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)

Members of the Editorial Board:

Tokarchuk O.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Veselovska N.R. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Bulgakov V.M. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Acad. NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Iskovich-Lototsky R.D. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Bandura V. N. - Ph.D., Full professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Polevoda Yu.A. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Tsurkan A.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ivanchuk Y.V. - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University

Jordan Todorov Maximov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Technical University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Type of publication: journal

Kind of publication: scientific

Publication status: domestic

Year of foundation: 1997

Periodicity: 4 times per year

Volume: 18.75 conv. print. sheet

ISSN: 2520-6168 (print version), (online version)

Language of publication: (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English

The sphere of distribution and category of readers: national, foreign, faculty, scientists, entrepreneurs.

The periodical edition is included to the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine on technical sciences, approved by order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in 05.16.2016, No. 515.

The journal "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" is included in the "Catalog of Ukrainian Publications".

Subscription to the journal can be issued in each post office. The subscription index is 99720.

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the title "Bulletin of the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Institute." According to the Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication received the status of a professional in which it is allowed to publish the main results of dissertation researches.

In 2001-2014 the journal published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Technical Sciences "(Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media KV No. 16644-5116 PR of 04/30/2010).

Since 2015 journal has title "Engineering, Energy, Transport AIC" (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21906-11806 P dated 03/12/2016).